V. B. xiɴɱ ({xxx): Vxɤ {E ɽ, +{ {E xiJɤ B , +{x {] ʺɨ M + +{x Vxɤ +{E n ֤ɮEn { Ei * +{ {U Eɦ ɮ {E l + c Eɨɪɤ E l +{x +{x Vɨnʮ E xɦɪ l* + nɮ +{E <iJɤ x + <iiɡE-B-ɪ E l <iJɤ x < i E Vʽ Ei E < Bx E Ex E Vxɤ +{ {ɮ {ڮ Biɨnn * +{ Eֱɮ Vɨʮi E ֽʡW * < Bx E +Wɨn + x, =E Eʪn Vɴʤn, =E ʮɪi E ɮEɮ Jx + +{E Ex ni E {] E < ʺɱʺɱ +{E l Eɱ iɴx M* BE i {ɮ V nx SɽM E ɽ Bx BE +VҨ Bx * <ʱB E ɽ {ڮ E E x֨<nM Ei , {ڮ ɨV E x֨<nM Ei * ɮ ɪ] {ɪ Vx ɱ Jiʱɡ xWʮi E ɽ {ɮ x֨<nM *

ɽ, +{ ɽں EM + ɽ Vɰ E ɽ x֨<nM < Bx E ɽ + ֤ʽ + < Bx E b] E +n Vʽ + <E ʱB Vɰ M E < Bx {< Vx ɱ iɨɨ {]Ǫ Sɽ ɽ Eix U] {]Ǫ + EU V +Vn , =x ɤE ɪ E ɦ E b] E +n ʨɱ , <E MVʮ Vɰ +{ɺ EM + < i E =n JM E <ƶ +ɽ ɤ ʨɱE < Bx E x + +Wɨn E ɮEɮ JM*

, ɮ | ] {E ɽ Wɮ lc ɥ * =xE xɨ , ɽi {ɽ +Mɮ {Eɮ Vi, ʱɪ i E =xE ɽi ɶEڮ , ɨxx , =xE F +n Ei , =xx E ɡ nɪ, < Bx `x E <VVi n + +{E {E E i {ɮ =xx Bx E, =E ʱB ɽi-ɽi F* VM-VM VҪ, ɽ {ɮ , BE ɱ xɽ ɽ {ɮ , ]x {ڮ Ei B ɤE ɡ ni , ɽ =n EM*

ɽ, Eֱɮ Vɨɽʮi E ʽWi +<B, ɤ l ʨɱE +M g iE ɮ ɨV E Ex E l, ʽ E l {ڮ-{ڮ <ƺɡ E - B BE Vɺ] <], B BE <ƺɡ {ɺn <] E Eɨ E ɡ i B +{E Ex nx Sɽi E +{E < Eɨ ɮ ֨Ex iɴx ʺɱ M* Vxɤ, +{E ֤ɮE *

+ n x<E (+xixM) : Vxɤ {E ɽ, +{x iɮ , +{x Vɨi Vɨ EҮ xxɱ Exƺ + ʮɺi-B-Vɨ EҮ E M E iɮ +{E nxɪ E c +WҨ Vɨɽʮi E Bx E {E xx {ɮ ֤ɮEn { Ei * < Bx c-c {]Ǫ ` < , VxE 訤ɮ E inn Vn + < Bx ʽxnֺix E Vɨɽʮi E ɽ Jɺ E ɽ B {]Ǫ ` VxE xɨɤɮ inn nVx xS , nVx Vn xɽ * Z =n E ʮɺi-B-Vɨ EҮ V inn E ʱɽW , +ɤn E ʱɽW ʽxnֺix E U] ʮɺi Ei Ex ɮ V ɺ< , Sɽ {]E , <ExʨE , bɱ{ɨ] E ɺ< , Sɽ M E +W ɮ x ɺx E ɺ< , Z Ex E +{ < U] ʮɺi E, VɺE ɺ< ɽi c , < Bx =`x E E ɽ EM* ʮɺi-B-Vɨ EҮ E iɮ < Bx MWʮ EM E Vɨ EҮ E ɺɱ E BE E ɺɱ ɨZE, ɮ V ɺ< , =xɨ ɤ {]Ǫ E, Sɽ c , U] , Ex E ɽM ʨɱM*

Vxɤɱ, ɽ ɽ Vʽ E Mɪ E {E < Bx E iEqֺ E ɮEɮ + Eɪɨ J - ɽ `E i * Ex {E +E B xɽ E Ei

unless the leaders of various parties whether they are big parties or small parties,

Vɤ iE {E E =x ɤE E+{ɮx ʺɱ xɽ M, iɤ iE < Bx E V iEqֺ , < Bx E V Biɮɨ , = ɮEɮ Jx =x nEEi { +BM* ʱɽW +V x <iiE-B-ɪ +{E +{x {E Sx * <ɺ {ɮ ɽ Vɨɮ {ci E Sɽ Ex {] E ` , =E Jɱi E , =E S E , Ex = {E E +{x Biɨn nx + Bx E +n BE bʺ{ɱx V <E ɪn , =E Eɪɨ n< Jx * ɽ iɦ M Vɤ ɤ M E iɮ +{E Eɱ iɴx + ɽM ʨɱM*

+{x {] E iɮ , +{x B.{W E iɮ Ex nx Sɽi E +{E ɮ iɮ < Bx E Eɨ Sɱx {ڮ ɽM, {ڮ l, {ڮ iɴx ʨɱM* Z < Bx , +{E ɺni ɽ =n E ɮ V ɺ< , ɮ ʮɺi U] , =xE { Ex E ʱB, =xE nɴ ffx E ʱB ɤ M E iɴx ʺɱ M* BE ɮ ʡ +{E <iiɡE-B-ɪ {E Sx

SHRI AMAR ROY PRADHAN (COOCH BEHAR): Sir, you have been unanimously elected as the hon. Speaker of this august House. On behalf of my Party, the Forward Bloc, I would like to congratulate you on this occasion. I assure you that you will get the fullest cooperation from my Party in upholding the position of this august House.

Now-a-days, a new political culture has developed in India, that is, the formation of a coalition ministry and being partners in that. The party in power believes that the only alternative is to have a coalition ministry. Some people who do not believe it today, I hope, would believe it tomorrow. In a coalition, there are big as well as small Parties. One cannot neglect the small Parties. Though they are small or tiny, they are very much beautiful. If you go through the list of parties, then you will find some hints of regional imbalances created in the last 52 years of our Independence. You will also find that they have some national aspirations too.

Mr. Speaker, Sir, on behalf of my Party, I appeal to you to take care of these small Parties and Groups.

SHRI P.C. THOMAS (MUVATTUPUZHA): Sir, on behalf of the Kerala Congress (M), I would like to congratulate you on this occasion when you have again been elevated to the office of the hon. Speaker.

Sir, with your experience as the Speaker of the last Lok Sabha, with your long experience as a public man, with your experience as a political person and also with your experience in your long struggle for the down-trodden, I am sure, you will be able to do justice to the diversities in this House as well as in our nation.

Above all, Sir, I find a good quality in you, that is, you are a gentleman to the core, which is lacking in many of us.

MR. SPEAKER: You are also a gentleman.

SHRI P.C. THOMAS (MUVATTUPUZHA): Thank you very much, Sir.

Col. Newman has defined a `gentleman' as "A person who inflicts no pain on others". I do not know whether you can rise to that extent when you are sitting in that Chair because you will have to be rash or rude at times.

We have already found that some senior leaders like Shri Mulayam Singh Yadav have already taken an anticipatory bail by saying that, sometimes, they may have to go a little astray. I am sure, Sir, with your experience, you will be able to control the House.

I remember, two years ago, we had a long debate for about six long days and nights regarding the decorum to be kept in the House. We had come together, we had put our heads together and came to a unanimous decision that we would abide by some ethos and ethics and that we would abide by the rule of law. I am sorry that we have not be able to succeed in that endeavour. So, we all know that it is not your effort alone which is necessary in that regard, but it should be an effort of one and all of us. We assure you, Sir, that we will all try to rise above partisan levels to uphold the great traditions of this House.

Sir, as many of the senior friends have already said, the backbenchers have to be taken into account. This point has been made in many of the speeches, but it has not been adhered to by many of those Members. The more time they take or the largest share they take, it results in lesser and lesser time being allotted to those who are sitting at the back. I am sure, as a custodian of democracy, you will look at the backbenchers and your arms are strong and long enough to reach the smaller parties and groups in this House. I am sure, with your tolerance and with your experience, you will be able to give ample opportunities for all sections of this House to speak about the rural poor, the down-trodden, the Scheduled Castes, women and students of this country, who are facing a lot of problems, especially the agriculturists. The Government of India have already said that they will pay due heed to them. But the poor farmers in this country, especially in your State, have committed suicide because of the low prices of cotton.

My State, for example, is known for rubber. The farmers growing rubber are in doldrums. Shri Raghuvansh Prasad Singh, you were supporting that cause. We would like to bring to the notice of this House about the plight of coconut farmers and other farmers. We would like to get proper response from the Treasury Benches. Many Members including the Prime Minister and other leaders sitting on the Treasury Benches know that a Member is put to great inconvenience if no response comes from that side. So, at the outset, we would like to get some response with regard to the problems which we may bring before this House.

I, once again, congratulate you and felicitate you on behalf of my Party and the people of Kerala.

MR. SPEAKER: The last speaker is Shri Francis George.

SHRI K. FRANCIS GEORGE (IDUKKI): Sir, on behalf of the Kerala Congress Party, I join all Members of this House in congratulating you on your assuming the Speakership of this Thirteenth Lok Sabha.

You have been elected unanimously and I hope that it is a very good sign because this House will have to address itself to many of the issues facing the country in a unanimous manner, as the nation is at a very critical juncture in its forward march. Sir, our country has almost gone to war with our neighbour and we are also facing many problems about which the Members who spoke before me have mentioned.

The hon. Prime Minister mentioned about the good traditions of this House. I would like to say that the country has also got very good traditions: a tradition of tolerance, a tradition of protecting the minorities -- a secular tradition which I am very sad to say is being flouted day in and day out by various outfits, who claim to be patriots and who claim in various ways that they are speaking for the country and for the people. It is unfortunate that after 50 years of our Independence, these kinds of happenings are taking place in this country.

We will have to address many issues, many of the economic policies being pursued by the Central Government, which are adversely affecting the States, especially States like Kerala. The policies of the Government, the globalisation and the liberalisation policies of the Government, the export and import policies of the previous Governments have very badly affected the economy of our Kerala State. The policy of free import of agricultural products, cash crops, has very seriously affected the farm sector of my State.

We have to think of those polices and the rights of the minorities. Also we will have to think about a total revamp of the Centre-State relations. All these issues will have to be addressed by the Thirteenth Lok Sabha on the basis of a consensus.

Sir, with your long experience in public life and your experience as the Speaker of this House for the last thirteen months, I am sure you will be able to give leadership to this Thirteenth Lok Sabha to discuss all these issues with mutual respect on the basis of a consensus, and to arrive at proper decisions which will be of help to the nation as a whole and to all the States of this great country.

Sir, I take this opportunity to congratulate you once again. Also, I wish you all success in your tenure as the Speaker of the Thirteenth Lok Sabha and I pray for God's blessings to you.

ɨnɺ +`ɴɱ ({f{֮): +vI V, +{ Z E nVB*

+vI ɽn : +V xɽ, n *

Today you have no chance.

Hon. Members, I congratulate all of you individually and collectively on your election to this House, the Thirteenth Lok Sabha.

I thank the hon. Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee and the Leader of Opposition Shrimati Sonia Gandhi, in having respectively proposed and seconded my candidature for election to the office of the Speaker. I have great pleasure too in placing on record my sincere gratitude to the Leaders of all Parties and Groups in facilitating my unanimous election as Speaker. Unanimity in the election of the Presiding Officer, as I see it, is the first step that would lead to the cordial and smooth functioning of the House. My special thanks to the father of the House Shri Indrajit Gupta for his graceful presence in the Chair and his dignified conduct of the proceedings of the House as pro tem Speaker over the last two days.

The Thirteenth General Election is behind us. It has been generally peaceful apart from being free and fair. We have once again proved that we are a democracy in its widest sense and that in our region, our democracy is of a durable brand as well. No doubt we have gone through an unusually long spell of election campaign of which, I am sure, all of us -- and more importantly, the people of our country -- are tired. Let us sincerely hope that this House will complete its full term. While democracy stands ingrained in our people, they want political stability too.

The election has been a massive mandate for the forces of federalism. This is reflected in the composition of this House; in the structure of the Government. I would consider that in our country of a billion people and strong regional identities, this liberal mandate for federalism is a welcome development. I hope that this House would see in this mandate a golden opportunity to strengthen the Union of India that we are by harmonising the competing, and sometimes conflicting, regional interests and by forging the highest common measure of agreement amongst these interests.

A vital lesson of the election has been that the only ideology the people understand and appreciate is the ideology of development. Removal of poverty, removal of regional disparities, equity and social justice are the subjects that our people want to be placed high on the national agenda. I hope that this message informs and guides the hon. Members in the performance of their duties and their functions in the House.

I am advised that more than 40 per cent of the Members of this House are newcomers. It is necessary that they learn and play by the rules of procedure and conduct of the business of the House. Failure in this regard may render time management in the House a very difficult task for all of us. The newcomers could learn from senior parliamentarians, who in turn, can guide them. It is needless for me to point out that the parliamentary parties themselves have a significant role to play in the education of the newcomers.

It has been my experience as the Speaker of the Twelfth Lok Sabha that the junior Members of the House, particularly, the youth amongst them, cutting across political parties, feel aggrieved that they do not get adequate opportunities to articulate themselves due to non-assignment of time for the purpose. Assignment of party time in the House is the responsibility of the parties themselves. Parliamentary parties may like to find a solution to this problem.

Politicians all over the world have been debating the case of the missing women in position of power including in legislative bodies. In our country also, we have not lagged behind in debates. In this House too, we do miss women Members significantly. They are 46 in number accounting for 8.6 per cent of the total strength of the House. I hope that the limited number of women Members in the House would make up for their missing numbers by the quality of their performance. This, again, would be dependent upon the pro-active interest of the parliamentary parties in the encouragement they give to their women Members.

It is a tradition in parliamentary democracies for the Treasury Benches to be tolerant to criticism by the Opposition and for the Opposition to be constructive and responsible in holding the Government accountable. It is the mindless breach of this tradition which disrupts dignity and decorum in the House. I would call upon the Treasury Benches and the Opposition to help me to run the House in an environment of mutual cooperation and consensus among the Members, particularly as there are as many as 38 political parties which have their presence in this House, apart from independents.

Hon. Members, in the present day world of expanding media, legislatures all over the world are coming under close scrutiny. Particularly, with the growth in electronic media and live coverage of the proceedings of the House, every movement of yours is being closely watched by the people. It calls for sobriety and restraint on our part. People are very rational in their judgment of what is genuine and what is not. Playing to gallery will really not help. We are being watched for the genuineness.

Media is an important pillar of democracy. It provides us an effective interface with the people. I am confident that the media will continue to perform its duties with high degree of responsibility in their coverage of the proceedings of the House.

It is the fundamental duty of the Presiding Officer to uphold the supremacy of the Constitution in a non-partisan way. I shall perform my duty accordingly. In this endeavour, I seek the understanding, cooperation and support of all the Members.

I am beholden to all the felicitations showered on me in the House today.

I thank you all most heartily.