Then, there should be saline embankments. There has been a lot of salination of paddy fields. About five lakh acres of paddy fields have been inundated by the saline water. The immediate requirement is to make a study of the entire coastal area and provide saline embankments. That would be very helpful. Take the case of Uma Salt Bay where salt is being made. Saline water is being brought from the sea by pumping system. During this cyclone, the water came on its own and 15-16 feet of tidal fore went up to 20 kilometres inundating areas of vast paddy fields. For desalination, it requires lime. And lime has to be provided immediately. I do not know whether anybody has thought of it. I have seen that whenever there is salination line from the paper mills, are taken. They are those last residue and put it into the paddy fields. Huma Salt bay also requires adequate funding.

In Orissa what has happened because of this severe cyclone. About 12,000 small scale industries have been partially and completely damaged. The Orissa State Financial Corporation, I think, would have to bear the loss of about Rs.600 crore. The Government of India has to come in an appropriate manner to refinance those industries. For that, I think, the minimum requirement will be Rs.200 crore to the Orissa State Financial Corporation. The SIDBI and the IDBI should take up this matter immediately on a long term basis and all that and provide funds to OSFC.

As the hon. Member, Shri Kanungo has said, there should be a moratorium on payment, deferred payment. For three years, on the principal there should be no instalment payment and the interest on that be waived off so that these 12,000 industries can survive. Otherwise there will be unemployment and people would not get any work. For the last ten days I have been watching in the State that there has been mass exodus of people to Maharashtra and to Gujarat to work in different places.

Last year, in the Budget, the Central Government had stated that when there is an exodus of people, the Employment Assurance Scheme has to be revitalised, 25 per cent extra money has to be given. Even till now, it has not been done. There is a provision that the State Government has to give a proposal as to what is the amount that is required. I do not know whether such proposal has come to the Central Government or not. They should ask for 25 per cent more so that people do not go out of the State leaving the emaciated family to fend for themselves.

Electricity has not yet been provided. Andhra people came to help us. We are grateful to the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. In Behrampore, in my city, within five days the entire area was electrified in the sense that they did wonder. But there are certain places, certain NACs in my constituency and in the constituency of Shri Naveen Patnaik where electricity has not yet been provided, not to talk of the lift irrigation points which have to be revitalised to get rabi crop.

The State Government has said that there would be subsidy of 50 per cent on rabi seeds. I would like to ask them, why should it not be 100 per cent subsidy and why only 50 per cent subsidy. Give them free. Only once you will give it to them. Why this niggardly behaviour of the State Government in asking for 50 per cent payment on rabi seeds? If they are not able to give it, why should not they ask the Agriculture Ministry of India to give it free of cost, at least for once.

Then I come to the cash crops. The kewda, a flower, gives scent. It is a shrub, wildly grown. I had made request to the Chairman of the Task Force, I have written a letter also to him, saying that another Task Force with an agricultural expert should go there immediately and see that these shrubs come up. They belong to the bamboo family and I am sure immediately some work can be taken up so that the kewda flower plant and the distillation plants can come up. Money has to be given to those distillers because they export kewda scents.

Regarding paan, betel nut, I had said earlier also during the Ganjam Cyclone, as to how it has to be tackled. The immediate requirement is to see that betel vines, betel nut orchards, coconut orchards and banana plantations are taken up in right earnest. The Government of India should do it. I am sure the Government of Orissa would not be able to cope up with this problem.

Lastly, I would say about the employment generation programme. The Government of India has already announced, only recently, about employment generation programmes to be taken up. In taking up employment generation programmes, house building matter should also be taken up. HUDCO has been given a sum of Rs.190 crore by the Government of India to take up construction of houses for those people who are in the BPL list, but what about those who are in the APL list and their houses have been damaged and they cannot construct their houses. I appeal to the Government of India to devise a means by which the banks could give loans with soft interest to those people who are interested in constructing their houses, maybe at the rate of four per cent or six per cent interest. They are willing to take loans and construct their houses again. With these words, I conclude.

Thank you Sir.

SHRI HANNAN MOLLAH (ULUBERIA): Mr. Deputy-Speaker, Sir, we are discussing a very severe cyclone which had occurred in this country with the rarest severity.

Sir, as we have seen, this cyclone-prone area was hit again and again. In the last 176 years, this part of our country was hit by about 22 cyclones. Lakhs of people were affected and thousands of people had been killed in the past. This is the most severest cyclone that we have ever seen in this region in terms of coverage and in terms of damage.

Sir, as has already been mentioned by the earlier speakers, this cyclone with the wind speed of 300 kilometres was an unprecedented one and never happened. In spite of our earlier warning, the Administration could not gear up to face the situation. Though it is not fully possible to face such a serious calamity, the inefficiency and slackness on the part of the Administration is an experience which should be kept in mind for the future because such cyclones may occur again. Even there has been a warning that in the middle of December one such cyclone may hit.

Secondly, the extent of damage has already been mentioned. My friends and our party delegations have visited the entire area and are working day and night for the relief, rescue and rehabilitation work. Certain questions should be kept in mind. I agree with the suggestion of my friend, Shri Anadi Sahu, that the Meteorological Department should have some better exercise to identify certain things and to decide it at a proper time so that people also can be aware of such things and take care of themselves.

Orissa is one of the poorest States with the richest reserves and it has the poorest people. It is the fortune of that part of the country for several decades. We do not know why it is so; maybe because of lack of proper administration. Sir, as you know, some part is the perpetual sufferer due to drought and this part is the sufferer due to cyclone.

Majority of these poorest people--60 per cent of Orissa people are living below the poverty line--depend on agriculture. The poor and marginal peasants are in larger number and the largest number of agricultural workers is also there. They live on hand to mouth by their toil. This cyclone has damaged about 50 per cent of rice crops and it was worth about 17.55 billion rupees. How will these people survive? What has been lost is one thing. How can the next crop be planned? That is one of the major issues before the people of that State who depend on agriculture.

Majority of these poorest people--60 per cent of Orissa people are living below the poverty line--depend on agriculture. The poor and marginal peasants are in larger number and the largest number of agricultural workers is also there. They live on hand to mouth by their toil. This cyclone has damaged about 50 per cent of rice crops and it was worth about 17.55 billion rupees. How will these people survive? What has been lost is one thing. How can the next crop be planned? That is one of the major issues before the people of that State who depend on agriculture.

Secondly, the largest number of people in the coastal region that is thickly populated, also depend on fisheries and fishing in the seas. Their trawlers and houses have been destroyed. All their fishing materials, including boats, have been destroyed. If the largest number of those people, the fishermen, living in the coast are not provided with immediate relief, they will also face the challenge to their existence in the coming months. So, that is another area of concern which should be kept in mind.

Sir, about 10,000 people have died but the estimate goes up from 20,000 to 50,000. We do not know the actual figure. I think we have to find out this from the voters' list. Otherwise, we will not be able to identify the people who were living there. Names of many people also may not be in.

MR. DEPUTY-SPEAKER: Shri Hannan Mollah, please address the Chair.

SHRI HANNAN MOLLAH : If the voters' lists are there in the Government record, in the Election Commission, through them we have to find out the people who were living there because there are dozens of villages which are not existing now. There is no sign of those villages. Even if you go, you will not find any sign of those villages. So, how can you identify that how many people were living in those villages? So, you have to identify how many people have actually died and then, accordingly, we have to compensate their near and dear ones who are living and other people also.

In all these 14 districts, besides, rice, coconuts, cashewnuts and groundnuts have been destroyed. Next is rabi crop. As has already been mentioned, sea water has entered about 30 kilometres inside the land and a large portion of those lands are salinated. The next crop will be very difficult. We cannot leave how that land desalination could be planned to the State Government. It is a national calamity. The entire country should take the responsibility to rebuild that part of our nation, that part of our country.

So, how that can be done is a question. How desalination can be taken up and how at least the rabi crop can be started soon with adequate supply of seeds and credit are all questions. Seeds and credits are the two very important areas. The Central Government, in collaboration with the State Government, NGOs and other organizations, should put together all our forces and we have to find out how we can face this problem.

I am sorry to say that either those who are ruling in Orissa or in Delhi, are trying to take political advantage because the Assembly election is nearing. This is the most unfortunate thing. When a part of our nation is in danger, when they are dying and suffering, we should come together, stand together and work together to come out of this problem. That is the most important thing.

As it has already been mentioned here, the Central Ministers are making a lot of statements and electoral gimmicks. It is unfortunate those who are running the State Government, instead of unitedly fighting it, they themselves are fighting. It will damage their image. When the entire nation is concerned about this problem, how the ruling party people in the State, instead of joining hands and facing the challenge together, are fighting each other. These things are unfortunate. It is a crime for anybody at this point of time to do like this. So, that should be avoided and they should try to do the maximum.

Now, let me come to the question of damage and taking the responsibility.

16.00 hrs.

We cannot leave it at the hands of the State Government. The State Government is doing. Their weaknesses are clear, even before and after they were trying. I also understand that there are two administrative centres -- Bhubeneshwar and Cuttack-- and they are totally damaged and destroyed. There is also a difficulty to immediately start the work. We understand that. We should not blame for political purposes. But after two weeks, we should now gear up our administrative machinery with the social organisations and political organisations put together. We have to face this challenge so that we can renew this State.

Another question is the ecological balance which has been destroyed. Because of that, it had happened. If we do not repair it, such things will happen in future also. So, how can we tackle it? The Ministry of Environment and Forests in the Central Government should take these coastal areas for a massive afforestation programme and plantation of mangroves and other plantations. It should be done immediately. The State Government and the Central Government should sit together and while preparing the Five Year Plan, within two or three years at least we should bring back the ecological balance to some extent so that in future that can be avoided.

There is another problem. About one crore and sixty lakh cattles of different varieties have been destroyed or killed. It is a very huge number. Small and marginal peasants use these forces for ploughing and cultivation work as rich peasants might have some tractors or some this like that. But these poor and marginal peasants depend on their cows, bullocks and buffaloes which had been killed. Then, how will they cultivate their land? First, they have to desalinate their land and then they have to cultivate their land. How can they do that? The Central Government should also intervene. But wherefrom they will get cows in Orissa? They have to bring from other parts of the country. The Central Government can arrange it and that should be done. At the same time, the power tillers and other tractors also can be provided so that during the rabi crop, at least this damage can be repaired.

As I had already mentioned, there is another problem about the electricity. Only in some cities, it is partially restored. In the entire village areas, there is no electricity. The A.E.S. Corporation have come to the Government for help. What will they do? They have said that if the Government do not claim responsibility, then we should increase the tariff by three times. If the A.E.S. Corporation, an American company, increases its tariff by three times, wherefrom the people will they pay for it? It is because they are already suffering and they have nothing with them. That is also another area of concern. How will the Central Government and the State Government find a solution for proper power distribution and transmission? That is another area of concern to which I would like to draw the attention of the Government.

Another area of concern is that of telecommunications. Though Shri Sikdar and Shri Paswan have been saying that telecommunications will reach every village, but it is very difficult to reach the Orissa villages. So, there should be some Master Plan on how we can cover these fourteen districts within the shortest possible time, stage by stage. First the Block level towns should be covered and then they should try to go to the villages. So, some plan on those lines should be immediately drawn by the Central Government.

The next area of concern is the Paradip Port. That port is not only the lifeline of the State of Orissa but also of the entire eastern region. A lot of things are exported and imported through that port. So, that port should be rebuilt and revived very fast. For that also, I request the Government to draw some plan immediately.

In some areas the railway line has been restored but the trains are running without signals. Drivers have been asked to run the trains looking at the front. If they find some obstacle, they should stop the train themselves. So, they are running the trains with their own judgement, without signals because the signal system is damaged. In many areas, the railway lines and other things have not been restored. This is an infrastructural area which needs immediate restoration so that the local administration can make use of it and the affected people can get the benefit of that.

The next area of concern is the problem of epidemic. We have reports about epidemics, such as, malaria, cholera, and gastroenteritis spreading there. Already 90,000 people have been affected by these and some people have died also. This is happening because the hospitals and health centres are not functioning properly. So, we have to find out how we can face this challenge. Every calamity is followed by epidemic if adequate and effective measures are not taken on war footing. So, I request the Government to give the details of the planning they have made in this regard.

We need skilled people and personnel to implement and monitor the decisions speedily. So, efficient people are also required. Government has to find out how effective manpower can be provided to implement and monitor the works properly within a short time.

In Nandankanan and other zoos, almost all the animals have died. Those who have survived are not getting any food. So, the Government should immediately intervene to see how they can rebuild those zoos and save the animals.

Our Army, Navy and Air Force have done a wonderful job in flood-affected areas. When the persons in uniform are facing the challenge with sincerity, I hope the people behind them should also work with the same spirit. They should not try to politicise the efforts of those in uniform so that they can work in a better manner.

When the Prime Minister was to go there, I am told the arrangements made for him were so poor that even the flight was not available for him. He had to wait at the airport and he was forced to fly very late. He reached there in the evening. He could not see anything in the night, in the dark. Is this the way to organise the Prime Minister's visit to the affected areas? It shows the attitude of the Central Government. We have always been clamouring that the eastern region is suffering. When the problem is in the eastern region, when the people in the eastern region suffer, whether it is Orissa or Bihar or West Bengal or other areas in the eastern region, people take less care of those areas.

This is the complaint of the people of the Eastern Region. It has been repeatedly coming up. I think this callousness should go. It is a crime to deal with such a thing in that fashion when the area is in serious trouble.

I will request you to immediately give financial assistance. But do not give that in the cover of just assistance. It should be in the form of grants. Grants should be more. In the name of assistance you should not go tomorrow for recovering that money as a loan given in advance.

You take specific measures to prevent the epidemics. Drinking water is a major problem. You immediately go and arrange for pure drinking water. The problems like how it can be supplied in that area should be taken care of.