<b>XIII LOK SABHA DEBATES, <i> Session II (Winter Session) </i> </b>
XIII LOK SABHA DEBATES, Session II (Winter Session) Wednesday, December 8, 1999/Agrahayana 17, 1921 (Saka )

Title: Further discussion on the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Amendment Bill, 1999. Moved by Shri Naveen Patnaik on the 3rd December, 1999. (Concluded).

15.35 hrs.

MR. CHAIRMAN : We would now take up for discussion the motion moved by Shri Naveen Patnaik. When we adjourned the discussion yesterday, Shri M.V.V.S. Murthi was on his legs. So, let him continue.

SHRI M.V.V.S. MURTHI (VISAKHAPATNAM): Madam, our country is having huge mineral deposits. The minerals that we could tap so far is very negligible, but we are importing coal and other items which is causing a lot of drain on foreign exchange. If we do not gear up ourselves to exploit the mineral resources in our country, we have to rely on imports. The present policy of managing the mines and minerals is to invest huge amount of money in this sector. Unless we attract foreign investments in this sector, it would be very difficult to augment the resources that are required for the development of minerals.

A lot of illegal mining is taking place which causes a lot of damage to our country. If you provide opportunities to those coming from abroad, perhaps it would hasten the progress in this area. I would like to point out that relaxing the present policy would bring revenues to the States also. The present policy indicates that royalty has to be stepped up. That would benefit the States concerned to a large extent. The States are facing resource crunch. The resources that they are getting out of the mineral wealth will help the States. If we accelerate the growth of this sector, we can export minerals instead of importing them. Of course, all these things have to be done keeping the interests of our country in mind. Our country is full of mineral deposits. In Andhra Pradesh and its neighbouring State, Orissa, bauxite is available in abundance. We are not able to exploit them. I suggest that outside agencies have to be involved for the development of the areas where bauxite is available in plenty so that the area would also develop and the unemployment problem which is rampant in these areas can also be overcome. The unemployed people are resorting to illegal mining. So, at this juncture it is necessary and imperative to develop these places where minerals are available in abundance. Given an opportunity, many private agencies would come into this sector.

With these few suggestions, I would like to conclude.

iɵi Siִn (JV֮ɽ) : ɦ{i ɽn, ɽ < n E M + n֦M E ɮ ɽ ɮ + |S֮ j |EiE ƺvx * =xɨ JxV + Jx Ƥvi ƺvx E E< +ɴ xɽ * Ex <ix ɹ x +xɪVi, +Mi iɮE <x JxV E nx E Eɪ E + = E {ʮhɨ E {U +xE ɹ E +x֦ɴ E n < xiV {ɮ {ɽS E iǨx ɴɺl E x E ƶvx Ex M, vɮ Ex M* ɽ M +xE ɹ =`< Vi + 1997 ɮi ɮEɮ E Jx + JxV Sɴ E +vIi BE ʨi E M`x +* = ʨi {E { <x ɮ q {ɮ, V ʴʦxx |n =`ɪ Mɪ, ʴSɮ Ex E n BE ʺɡʮ E M< + = ʺɡʮ E {ʮhɨɺɰ{ =x q E <x Eɮ{] Ei B ɽ ʴvE ɪ Mɪ Vɺ {ɮ ʴSɮ E * < ʴvE E x E {U V ɴx , ɽ xʶSi { Mi M * +Mɮ <E {U ɽ ɴx E < n E JxV E nx E xɪʨiEh E Vɪ, xɪVi iɮE BE xi x< Vɪ + V +-iɡ E iɴɮh , = ɨ{i E Vɪ, xɪji E Vɪ, xɽ ɨZi E <ɺ E E ʴɮv M* Ex l ɽ vx Jx Vɰ E E B i xɽ E V iǨx ƶvx |ɺiʴi E , =xE E n֯{ɪM x x M Vɪ* < iɮ Si x E +ɴɶEi *

< ƶvx E vɨ +{x V E ɽi +vEɮ E |iɪVi iiʮi Ex E |ɺiɴ E * V Sx, {ilɮ E Jxx E {^ E |nɪ Ex E V iǨx ɴɺl , = {ʮii EE +{ V E +vEɮ n E <E xvǮh + +iɨ xɮEh E E* ɽ +SU i , Mi M * Ex `E = VMɽ ɽ Zɴ nx SɽM E +{x +Mɮ +xֺS (1) E M (M) <E xEɱ i +w |n, =cҺ, v |n, ʤɽɮ +n +xE |n E<] E ɽi c bɮ , VɺE nx E ʱB ɮ B{Ex E Exp iE E Vi + =ɨ Eɡ ɨɪ xɹ] i , Eɱ +{SʮEi i , `E = iɮ V Sx E {ilɮ E ɱ l * n = ɮEh EE +vEɮ ɽ |iɪVi E i |n ɮEɮ +{x iɮ {ɮ, +{x lxҪ +ɴɶEi+ E +xְ{ xɮEh EE ɽ xhǪ Ei * ɽ E< B JxV xɽ Vɺ +{ ɽi xʺ] JxV E h J E*

Jxx {^ E Ij E +vEiɨ Ҩ E =nɮEh E |ɴvx E Mɪ* nںɮ, {ɽ xɴxEh Ex E +vEɮ x |xi E {ɽ n J l Ex nںɮ xɴxEh E ʱB ɮ B{Ex Exp +i l + = +{SʮEi ɽi ɨɪ Mi l* +xE ɮ i B i l E V E ɨɪ ɨ{i Vi l + ɽ =xE ʮx+ E EɪǴɽ E xɽ V {i l, +xE iɮ E ʴɺMiɪ {n Vi l* ɽ +SU i E <x ʴɺMiɪ, EֺMiɪ + +Mi+ E +{ ɨ{i Ex E |ɪɺ E * <E Mi Ei * Ex ɽ {ɮ EU ʤxn+ {ɮ +{E vx +Eʹi Ex ɽi Vɰ ɨZi * {ɽ, V EU +x lɪ x ɽ iɪ, |n E JxV ɨ{n {ɮ V ɱ] i , =E +ƶ =xE ʨɱi * ɽ xɪɨ + ɽ ɴɺl E |iE ix ɹ <E ʮVx x SʽB, xB ] x SʽB, ʮ<Wb x SʽB*

Vɽ iE VxEɮ , {U V ʮVx + l, ɽ 11.10.94 E + l* 11.10.1994 E n +{x ʮVx xɽ E* =E {ڴ E B ɽi =rh , Vɤ 10-10 ɹ iE ʮVx xɽ + + <ɨ +xii& V P] i , V xEx i , ɽ = |n E ɮEɮ E i * +{E < |ɺiɴ ɽi E n SV E ɽ |ɴvx Ex M* {ɽ i i ɽ E ɮ E +vɮ {ɮ ɪɱ] iɪ x E, ʱE +E JxV E ڱ E +vɮ {ɮ =E ɪɱ] E xvǮh Ex E x< {ri E +{xɪ* B E] E ʮ{] ʺɡʮ * BE i <E <ɨ x SʽB* +{ v |n E ɨɱ nJɪ*

Eɱɨj BE i E =` , ɽi Vɱn Ji Ex E Eʶɶ EM, + i x ְ E *

ɦ{i ɽn : lc Vɱn Ji Ex * ɽi E ]< *

iɵi Siִn : +{ lc ʮE E* ɽn, +{x i ɨ{i Ei *

Eɱ E ɨɱ 1996-97 v |n E 694.59 Ec {ɪ ʨɱ* 1997-98 664.09 Ec + 1998-99 674.94 Ec {ɪ ʨɱ* +Mɮ ʮ<Vb Mɪ i i 10 |iɶi +Mɮ n g i i V ]] <xE i, ɽ |n E Eɱ Eɱ {ɮ 134 Ec {ɪ Vn i* +{E n n n E Eɱ Eɱ {ɮ <ix P] + * <E +ɴ ɮ |n Sx {ilɮ , |n +ɺE , |n E<] , |n ʱMx<] , |n x Vx Eix JxV , V Jn V , =x ɤE +Mɮ P] Vc i E E 2-3 Ec {ɪ Vn E P] |n E * ɽ E , < ɴɺl E lc +{ nJ* ɨZi E +{ BE Iɨ j + +{ ɨZ Ei E ɽ V i =` , ɽ c Vx<x i *

nںɮ i ɽ {ɮ +{E ɽ Ex SɽM E JxV {^ E iiɮh E ɮEi E V Ei * +{x <ix =nɮEh E |ɴvx E i JxV {^ E iiɮh E ʱB ʡ ɽ i E n iE Mɪ + n {ɽ +{ {ɮҶx VB* =E n JxV {^ E iiɮh E i M* V W , ɽ Jx E bɱ{ Ex E ʱB nںɮ +n E nx Sɽi * iiɮh xS E iɮ {ɮ x SʽB, ɽ +{E IjҪ EɪDZɪ , <E nJ Ei , <E x] E Ei *

iҺɮ SV, V =`x Sɽi l, ɽ E Jxx {^ E +v ɨ{i x E n ɽi VMɽ {ɮ <ƺ V JnE bɱ n M< , +{x |ɴvx i Vɰ E , BOҨ] , =x ɤ E ɨiɱEh EM, ɴʺli EM, ʡ xBM, Ex B xɽ {i* xiV {ɪǴɮh {ɮ i <E ʴ{ɮi |ɦɴ {c , lxҪ M E ɽi ɮ v+ +ɨx-ɨx Ex {c * <ʱB <ɨ Zɴ E +{ E{ EE i ʱJi Sx-{j VB + =xɺ ʺEʮ] b{V] E<, =ix {, Vix <x E ʡ ɨiɱEh Ex E ʱB Vɰ i , ɽ |ɴvx +{E Vɰ Ex SʽB* ɮx <x < iɮ {c M*

iҺɮ SV <ɨ Ex Sɽi E 10 E]ɮ iE E V <xM {x xx E +{x |ɴvx J , `E , V c <ƺ , =xE <xM {x {ɽ x SʽB, =xE B|ڴ x SʽB, =xE F]x<W x SʽB, < i ʤɱEֱ ɽi * Ex U]-U] Ij , {S n E]ɮ iE E Ij , <xE <xM {x xx U] nx SʽB* +{ ɪ Vxi , +Mɮ +{x E< <xM {x xɴɪ M nJ M E Eix ʴɺii EɮǴ< Ex {ci , =ɨ Eix ɨɪ Mi *

BE ʨx] E +xn ɨ{i Ei * = i E +{ nJ VB* +{ {S 10 E]ɮ iE E Ij E +Mɮ <ɺ U] n Vɪ, BOҨ] +{ |ɴvx E VB, V EU +{x =ɨ i Jx , =xɺ +{ ʮ]x +b]EM VB, ɽ `E *

+iɨ i Ex Sɽi * x ƮIh +vxɪɨ E iɽi <xM E ɽi ɮ Eɨ {ɮ E M , |iɤxv M , xɪjh E , Ex ɽ =ix S E +vEƶ V JxV ɨ{n , ɽ x Ij {< Vi * <E iǨx V |F , ɽ ɽi V] |F * E{ EE = ɮEi Ex E ʱB +{ x + {ɪǴɮh ʴɦM ɨ{E E * + +{ `E ʴSɮ E , M` E , E< ɺi xEɱ, ɮEi , B E VɺE +xSi ɦ M x =` {ɪ, Ex Vɽ ɺiʴE + Vx<x EW , ɽ =xE ɽV { < |F =Zx x {c*

+iɨ i, E<] v |n ɽi c j ={ɱɤv * 10-10, 15-15 ɱ E<] E Ij Vɮ BEc <xM E{Ǯx x ʮVɴ EE J B * nںɮ |n ɽ ɱi * 90 |iɶi Ij <xM E{Ǯx x ʮVɴ EB B * M Eɨ xɽ E + Ij Jɱ {c B * x Jn Eɨ E + x Eɨ Ex n * ɽ i E =Px * ɮi ɮEɮ E +x֨i E ʤx B Eɨ xɽ E Ei , Ex E + Eɨ Sɱ * xɴnx E ɮEɮ < ʺli E ɮ {i MB E Ex |n B ʺli * VxEɮ E +xֺɮ <xM E{Ǯx P] Sɱ * <xE Ec {ɪ E P] + +{x +vEʮ E ixJɽ xɽ n { * ɮEɮ xɴnx E ɽ <x Ij E Ei EB, =nɮEh E |F ExVɮ]x |Vx Jx E +Si xɽ *

<x ɤn E l +{x Z x E ʱB ɨɪ n, <E ʱB +{E vxɴn ni *

SHRI AJOY CHAKRABORTY (BASIRHAT): Madam Chairperson, I shall be very brief. Yesterday, several Members pointed out different aspects of this Bill. So, I do not want to waste the valuable time of the House.

Madam, the Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Amendment Bill has got some objectives and reasons. One of the vital objectives of this Bill is to prevent illegal mining. I am sorry to say that incidents of illegal mining are going on increasing day-by-day. Rampant cases of illegal mining are increasing everyday. For example, I can say in this House that throughout the banks of the river side of my area, brick trade or brick manufacturing factories are increasing everyday. In and around the city of Calcutta, big multi-storeyed buildings are being erected due to which the villagers are paying penalty. These brick manufacturing structures are situated throughout the river banks and brick manufacturing business is carried out without any quarry permit, or sanction or licence or lease of the Government. They are not paying any royalty to the Government. They are doing this mischievous work with the connivance of a section of the Government employees who are working in the Land Reforms Department and police personnel. It is not only this. This brick manufacturing business is polluting the environment. These factories are causing pollution and because they are situated in the village areas, green trees are destroyed and paddy fields are damaged by these brick manufacturing factories. It is not only that. They are engaging child labour violating the Child Labour Act. They are engaging people coming from Bangladesh with minimum wages. They are also creating many hazards affecting the health of the villagers.

Yesterday, some Members apprehended that there will be a possibility of usurping the rights and functions of the State Governments by this Bill. I draw the attention of the House as well as the hon. Minister to see that the land belongs to the State Government as also the powers to dig the underground earth. So, we should not pass such a Bill which will usurp the functions and rights of the State Governments. We should seriously look into the matter. I again urge upon the Government and the concerned hon. Minister on this point. Everyday, we are passing so many laws and regulations with some cogent reasons and good objectives.

But those laws are being frustrated by the Implementing Authority. The persons who are to look after and who are vested with the power to implement the laws are not doing their job well. Due to their acts of omissions and commissions, the intentions of the laws are being frustrated. So, I urge upon the Government that the Government should take care to see that the laws are strictly and properly implemented by the Implementing Authority. Otherwise, everything will be spoiled and the law will be frustrated.

With these words, I conclude.

Ҩi +ɦ ɽi (Vɨɶn{֮) : xxҪ ɦ{i ɽn, j V uɮ B MB Jx + JxV (ʴxɪɨx + ʴEɺ) ƶvx ʴvE, 1999 E ɨlx Ei + l +{x Ij ʺli JxV Ƥvi EU ʴɶ i Jx Sɽi * ʽxnֺix E{ɮ ʱʨ]b E BE <E< <bx E{ɮ Eɨ{ɱE P]ʶɱ xSɱ Ij BE ɽi{h ɴVxE |iɹ`x Vɽ ix J E +nɺ B {Uc Viɪ E +ɤn *

+<... E +xiMi J Jnx ֮n, {lɮMc, Exnbҽ il J * <x Jnx iƤ E +ɴ +xE ɽ֨ڱ vi+ E =i{nx i V x, Sn, xɪɨ, ]ʮɨ, ɱɡʮE Bʺb <in* ɹ 1972 +<... E ɹ]ҪEh + il Jiɮ ɱZJb B iɱV <E< E l{x E M< Exi +<... E {ڮ iɮ +xnJ E Mɪ* <E ʴEɺ il ʴɺiɮEh {ɮ E< vx xɽ n Mɪ, VɺE ɺɰ{ BE-BE E ɨS Jnx E n E V * ɹ 1997 ʽxnֺix E{ɮ ʱʨ]b |ɤxvx x +vE =i{nx Mi E ɽx x E +<... E xɱ{ B n n Jnx E n E n Mɪ, VɺE ix Vɮ Vnڮ x SU xɴii * {x: |ɤxvx x n +x Jnx {lɮMc B Exnbҽ E n Ex E ʱB ɮi ɮEɮ E ɨ jɱɪ +x֨i M Vɺɺ 1099 Vnڮ Eɮ M* |ɤxvx x BE ɮ ʡ +vE =i{nx Mi E |ɨJ Eɮh iɪ *

ʽxnֺix E{ɮ ʱʨ]b |ɤxvx x Jnx E n E +vɮ V Sɱ EҶx E ʮ{] E iɪ VɤE SS< ɽ E |ɤxvx x +ʶE { < EҶx E Zɴ E x * Vɺɨ {ɹ] { ɽ Zɴ n Mɪ E +Mɮ ʡVڱJS {ɮ xɪjh J VB il =i{nx Mi E E E VB i BE-n ɹ +lE iM ʽxnֺix E{ɮ ʱʨ]b =ɮ Ei *