+i Ex SɽM E Ex E g ɽi nx E ʱB V ɮEɮ Ei E ]] Mƴ E +Mɮ 40-50 {ɮ] +i iɦ +ɴV n V Ei * ɽ =Si ɪ xɽ * ɨO Eʹ xi xx SʽB* V ɮEɮ E l Vɽ V SV , =E ɮ +n nx SʽB iE Ex E] =ɮ E* BE +SU Eʹ xi ɨx +x SʽB* ɮi Eʹ |vx n * Ji +lǴɴɺl E ڱ +vɮ * +{ < `E J* I{ <ix Z Ex *

Sxp ڹh ʺƽ (Jɤn) : xxҪ ɦ{i ɽn, +V Ex E ɨxv Z x E E n Mɪ * B.B.. BOESɮ x E xi EU ʴɶ i ix Sɽi * iji E n 70 Һn +ɤn +V ֯+i n EU B ɴɺl x E +V Eʹ {ɮ Vn nɴ x + * <E ʺɡ ɽ Vɽ E ֯+i n E]Ү =tM E iɮ vx xɽ n Mɪ* +Mɮ < iɮ vx n i i +V Eʹ {ɮ <ix nɴ xɽ {ci*

nںɮ i ɨɺ E VF E, ɽ E ʴEʺi + ʴEɺɶұ n Vɽ 2 {ɮ] E 3 {ɮ] ʮS Bb bɱ{ɨ] {ɮ JS i , Ex +V ʽxnֺix E ɽ n֦M E Eɱ .7 |iɶi ʮS Bb bɱ{ɨ] {ɮ JS i * <E xiV E i ? +{E ɱ] xxɱ E{xW E vɨ ʴʦxx n V Mx {ci * =xE V +{E ɽ +i Ex l E +i ? nxɪ E Vix Ҩʮ , l =x V E vɨ +i * ɮ ɽ {ɽ Jɮ-{iɴɮ nEEi xɽ ni l Ex Vɤ +ɮE + +ɺ]ʱɪ ɮ ɽ V +ɪ iɤ xɪ xɪ Jɮ-{iɴɮ x M* EE E ʱɪ ɽi c ɨɺ x ֪ * BE i + ix Sɽi E ɽ E Ex E ɮEɮ ESʮ uɮ x< x< VxEɮ n Vi Ex + ɽ i E ɽ E EɶiEɮ {g ʱJ xɽ * ʤSʱɪ V Jn ʨɱ Vi , = Ji bɱ ni * +{E ]DZ<Vɮ E =nɽh nx Sɽi * E V E Jn <iɱ E Vi + E V Vn <iɱ E Vi * Vn Jn <iɱ Ex ɪɱ ]ESɮ ]人Sɮ Jɮɤ M Vi * xiV ɽ E +x ɱ ɨɪ {{ֱx Ol E Eɮh Eʹ =i{nx xɽ g * <E ʺɡ BE Eɮh E Vix Vn ]DZ<Vɮ <iɱ EM, <ɺ =i{nx E M* Vɤ iE +MxE ʴ]ʨx E E M, Vɤ iE ]ExE i xɽ ɨZɪ VɪM, iɤ iE |bEx xɽ gM* Vɤ iE Ex iE ɮ i xɽ {ɽSM iɤ iE =E Vɨx E ]ESɮ ]ESɮ Jɮɤ i M* xiV ɽ M E nx |i nx |bEx Mɮi Sɱ VɪM* l ɽ ix Sɽi E ʽxnֺix E 45-50 |iɶi BExɨ EɶiEɮ {ɮ xɦǮ Ei Ex Ex E ɽ ] Vi * V |bE] ɽ <iɱ Ei , ʨɱɴ] i * Sɽ V Jn +x SV * ɽ iE E = bVɱ xE ʨɱi * xE {]Һ<b ʨɱi * n ɽ ɽ <iɱ Ei , ʨɱɴ] i * Sɽ V Jn +x SV * ɽ iE E = bVɱ xE ʨɱi * xE {]Һ<b ʨɱi * n ɽ ɽ <iɱ Ei , ʨɱɴ] i * Sɽ V Jn +x SV * ɽ iE E = bVɱ xE ʨɱi * xE {]Һ<b ʨɱi * n ɽ BE BEc Vɨx x<]Vx E l n ʮ bɱi i ɽ Vxi xɽ E =ɨ 46 |iɶi x<]Vx = ʮ xɽ? =ɨ c c =tM{iɪ E l i + ɮEɮ ʨɱҦMi i * i ɽ E Ei + ʽɤ Ex Ex bұɮ E ɽ {ʱM {Ec Vi + ɤ bұɮ ɮ Vi * +{E E iɮ {ɮ ɤ ] x ֪ V V Jn E ʴiɮh Ei * Ex V V {Vɤ Eɨ EM, iʨɱxb Eɨ EM, ɽ Vɰ xɽ E =iiɮ |n ʤɽɮ Eɨ EM* ɮEɮ E B ɴɺl Ex Sʽ E = V Vɱɴɪ E +xEڱ ʨɱ* ɽ |bEx gx E ʱɪ +ɴɶE * +V ExE M + Mɪ * Vnڮ g * EɶiEɮ Sɽi E E E Vnڮ M, ɽ <{ɱҨ] E Vn <iɱ Ex Sɽi * i ɽ E c c EɶiEɮ E ʱɪ 50-50, 80-80 ɺ {ɴɮ E ]E] xɪ Vi + =E ʽɤ E<x il ɶx x< V Ex ʽxnֺix E {ɮ E{] ʱbM ʴɶ E {ɮ E{] ʱbM E * Ex ɮ ʽɤ E< B ɶxɮ xɽ x< Vi iE U] EɶiEɮ V E V{x E]Ҵx i , E E* ɽ U] U] <E{ɨ] i VɺE EɶiEɮ U] ɶxɮ E <iɱ EE Vxɺ Ex E |bEx g Vi *

19.00 hrs.

ɮ ɽ 50 80 {ɮ E <|ڴb ]E] + , {ɮ =x EɶiEɮ E ʱB VxE {ɺ 2000 BEc 1500 BEc Wɨx * E ɮEɮ x E S E VxE {ɺ BE BEc Wɨx xɽ , =xE ʱB < E E ɴɺl x SʽB* ɮEɮ + Eʹ j V +x֮v E =xE ʱB < iɮ E ɴɺl *

B ɽi <E Vɽ O=b ] ɱ xS Sɱ Mɪ + {x xS Sɱ Vx E Eɮh x]ҡMɱ {ɨ{ Eɨ Ex n MB * Vɽ x]ҡMɱ {ɨ{ MB i <Vx {ɮ Vn bWɱ JS i + bWɱ JS x E l l {ɨ{ E < Ji Vi * xiV ɽ i E ɮ ɮ Ex {ɮ {ci * SɽM E B Eʹ xi x< VB E Vɽ {ɮ V ] ɱ , =E ʽɤ EɶiEɮ E ʱB ɽ ɤɨʺǤɱ {ɨ{ E ɴɺl E VB iE ɽ Mɽ {x JS E*

< E l-l BE + i ix =Si ɨZi + Z xɽ Mi E < Ƥv EU S Mɪ * E F{ E Ƥv ɮEɮ E V +vEɮ , ɽ EɶiEɮ Ei E ɽ ɱ , ɽ ɱ Ex E F{ +vEiɮ {ʮɱ * ɽ ɽi Vn nx iE ]E xɽ Ei* =xE iɽi E i {ڮ iɮE n * {U ɹ nJ l E {x E +ɺ-{ɺ E <E xұ M E +Mڮ {n E Mɪ* {U ɱ =E EҨi ɽM l + < ɱ EɶiEɮ =E Ex E ʱB iɮ * ]] E = iɮ E i * ɽɮɹ] BE ɮ <ix ]] {n E Mɪ E E< BE {ɪ E 50 E ]] Jɮnx E ʱB iɮ xɽ l* <E E Vɽ ? E xɽ ɮEɮ B xi xi E V {ʮɱ Eb] ɽ = ʽɤ =E |bEx EB Vix ExVڨ E*

ɱ Ҩ Vx E i E Vi * ɱ Ҩ Vx {i M E ɨɺ E VF E, {x E +ɺ-{ɺ lc ɱ Ҩ Vx M <* Vix |EiE +{nB , EɶiEɮ =xE nǶi Ei * {ɱ , + , g Ex =E ɱ Ҩ Vx E ʺɱʺɱ + ְ xɽ + * Ex E ɱ E Ҩ Eɪ VB SE ɽ {g-ʱJ xɽ * =E Ҩ E{xɪ < iɮ bEڨ]x Ei iE =E {ڮ iɮ E x ʨɱ* ɮEɮ +x֮v E `E iɮE M E VB* i +{x c +SU Eɨ E E ʴnʶɪ E ֱ ʱɪ

Mɱ<Vx Ei , ʱɤɮ<Wx Ei i n iɮEE xɽ E Ei* +{E Ex E l E Ei E n iɦ iɮEE EM Vɤ ɮ {֮x {ɮ{ɮ+ E +{xi B =ɨ xɪ iExE E ɨɴ EM* + +{x i E J ʤxn {ɮ +i *

Vɺ Vɱ +i , ɽ Vɱ =iiɮ |n E BE iɽ< +ɱ +E {n Ei * Sɮ ɱ +ɱ E Mi Ex E xɽ ʨɱ { * BE Eɨ ɮEɮ x Wɰ E E {U ɮ Eb ]V E Wx E n Vɤ EҨi 1200 {ɪ E] < i ɮEɮ x i֮i x{ɱ + {ڴ {Eix E ʱB Vx ɱ +ɱ {ɮ E M n* + 1200 {ɪ ʤEx ɱ +ɱ 400 {ɪ + Mɪ, Ex {U ɱ E +, < ɹ E ? < ɹ +ɱ ʨ^ E nɨ xɽ ʤE * 150 {ɪ E] {ɮ E< Jɮnɮ xɽ ,

Ex +ɱ E iɮ E< M xɽ * +V ʴn E ʱB +ɱ xɽ J Mɪ* xɴnx Ei E +x ɱ ɱ ɽi +SU * E<]E EbҶƺ = {ڮ iɮ ] E , {ڮ ɨ{ɮ F{ +x ɱ * ɮEɮ xɴnx Ei E + +{ xi x<, SE Vxɴɮ E ɽx x< ɱ + VɪM* <ʱB +{ɺ xɴnx E ʴn ɱ ʦVɴx E ɴɺl Eʮ* Z ɱڨ E Eb ]V E +{ ʤb ni , Ex ʤb n ʨɱi + E< Eb ]V ʱE +V iE n ɱ ʤb <iɱ xɽ E {ɪ * Vx{n Jɤn E E 150 Eb ]V * Ex +V iE E< <iɱ xɽ E {ɪ * ɮEɮ +x֮v Ei E n +{E Eb ]V gx i ʤb +{ |iҪ iɮ {ɮ nx E E{ E, iE Vn Vn Eb ]V x E*

ɦ{i ɽn : + +{ ɨ{i EVB*

Sxp ڹh ʺƽ : ɽn, BE ʨx] +{x i Ji E * BE ʨx] Vn xɽ M* +M +x ɱ ɱ E ʱB +x֮v Ei E =E Vx E ʱɪ ]ƺ{]x E +{ ɴɺl Eɪ + ʴn ɱ ʦVɴx E ɴɺl Eɪ + =E ʱB Jɮn Exp E l{x Eɪ* <ix EE +{x i ɨ{i Ei *

M +nixl (MJ{֮) : ɦ{i ɽn, ɨ xMx ʨɸ V E l xɨ l* x] E +ɪ l* BVxb nںɮ xɨɮ {ɮ xɨ l* +{ + E ֱ , +{ Z x E +ɺɮ n*

ɦ{i ɽn : +{ `*

M +nixl :ɮ, xɨ = BVxb l l*

ɦ{i ɽn : +{E xɨ ɽ xɽ *

M +nixl : xɨ BVb l*

ɦ{i ɽn : +{E xɨ ʱɺ] xɽ , +{ `*

M +nixl : ɮ, SS |ɮƦ Ex E ʱB xɨ ɨ xMx ʨɸ V E l l + Z x E +ɺɮ xɽ n V *

ɦ{i ɽn : ɨ xMx ʨɸ V x b] <xʶB] E *

M +nixl : ɮ, =x E l xɨ , Z x E +ɺɮ n VB*

ɦ{i ɽn : l xɨ x EU xɽ i*

M +nixl : x Vɺ SS E ɽ |ɮƦ Ex E ʱB x] n ... (ɴvx)

ɦ{i ɽn : ʨɸ V ɽ xɽ i, Sɱ Vi i +{E E ʨɱi* ʨɸ V ɽ Vn l, ɽ SE , + +{E E xɽ ʨɱM*

ɦ{i ɽn : +{ `*

M +nixl (MJ{֮) : ɦ{i ɽn, x +M xɨ n *

ɦ{i ɽn : +{ nx E ɨɪ xɹ] i EVB, `*

Ҩi Vɪɸ xV (Vɤɱ{֮) : ɦ{i V, xɨ ʱɺ] xɽ * Z i n, n i `, xɽ i V>*

ɦ{i ɽn : n +{E xɨ M i +{E ֱɪM* +Mɮ {] x +{E xɨ V i +{E ֱɪM* iɤ +{E `x {cM* +{ `, Vɮ = E SS xɪ* E Jɱ x ɱ M, xx ɱ xɽ M* xx ɱ E i x SʽB*

PROF. UMMAREDDY VENKATESWARLU (TENALI): Mr. Chairman, Sir, I am thankful to you for having given me this opportunity to speak on the agricultural situation in the country and also the problems being faced by the farming community in various parts of the country. Sir, there is no doubt that tremendous progress has been made as far as agricultural production in the country is concerned. But at the same time, we are not actually out of the critical situation with respect to agricultural production. One paradoxical issue is that in 1951 the per capita foodgrain availability per day was around 467 grams and now, in 1998, that has just risen to 484 grams per day per head.

This speaks volumes to show whether we have tremendously achieved on the agriculture front or not. When it comes to the question of nutrition, it is not merely the accessibility to the food which is to be considered. The country now should pay attention to the accessibility to nutrition.So, as far as nutrition is concerned, the per capita availability of nutritious food in the country is around 2,200 calories per day per head as against the requirement of 2,600 calories. For a man to keep his body and soul together, the average calorific value should be around 2,600 calories. So, this certainly speaks that there is a tremendous gap between the requirement of the calorie and the supply of the calories to the people in the country. Here, if we just analyse that whether India is surplus in food production or not - very often we claim that India is surplus in food production - where is the surplus? Even today, about 39 per cent people are below the poverty line. What does it mean when about 39 per cent people in the country are not having adequate accessibility to food? They are unable to take two meals a day. People who cannot afford to take two meals a day are below the poverty line. So, when 39 per cent of the people are below the poverty line, whatever that is deprived to this section of the people is what we are claiming as surplus food. So, this is what we are claiming as buffer-stock. Instead of calling it as a surplus stock, we can very conveniently call it as the deprivation stock of foodgrains. It is the starvation stock of the foodgrains. So, whatever we above the poverty line, if they have got accessibility to food, I think today there is no surplus in the food production. So, we have to march still a long way to really achieve the surplus food production in the country. When this is the scenario, what exactly are the characteristics of the agricultural production in the country? It is still the low productivity. the main reason. The low productivity has got several reasons - right from the seed, right from the soil nutrients, right from the insecticides, fertilizers, the credit which are required for the crop growth, proper technologies which are required for the farmer during the crop growth and also after harvest, the facilities that are provided during the post-harvest technology as also for storage of foodgrains for a proper distribution of foodgrains, the equitable distribution and the special distribution of foodgrains throughout the country. So, when this is the situation, as far as the investment in agriculture is concerned, the public investment has gradually come down right from the First Plan Period to the Ninth Plan Period. During the First Plan Period, agriculture along with its allied subjects has been allotted from the Plan Funds to the extent of 34.5 per cent of the country's fund.

Gradually, by the Eighth Plan period, it has come down to 18.5 per cent. During the Ninth Plan period, it has still come down. Around 11 per cent or so is going to the agriculture sector. If you can just analyse, all private investment in agriculture should be preceded by public investment. If public investment is trippled, there will no scope for any private investment also in agriculture sector. This is rather very agonising to say that if at all there is any sector that has been neglected in the country, it is only the agriculture sector. My friend has just now mentioned that 0.7 per cent is being invested in agricultural research and education. I think, it is still more. Last year, it was only 0.54 per cent. When 0.54 per cent of the agricultural scientists in the country and what kind of agricultural technologies can be generated. ... (Interruptions)

We must be proud in this country that we have got the biggest and competent contingent of the agricultural scientists. The best type of technologies have been generated. We are the donors. India is a 54 countries as far as agricultural technology is concerned. We are second to none in the world as far as agricultural scientists are concerned. But the encouragement that is being given to agricultural research and education is really very meagre. Very often, we have been mentioning that there should be tremendous improvement in funds that are being allocated for agricultural research and education. Unless some autonomy is given to agricultural scientists, agricultural technology cannot be generated to the extent required. Today, even the agricultural technology that is being generated is not location-specific. A strain that has been released in Punjab might be suitable only for a particular district. Its productivity can be sustained only in a particular pocket. In the next district, its performance will be very low.


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