n Ex E ʴʦxx ɨɺ+ E vx Ji ֪ Eʹ xi vɮ ɪ i ɽ ɨZi E Ex E Eɡ ɽi ʨɱ Ei * Ex E E< ɨ-Sc ɨɺɪ xɽ * =xE J ɨɺ+ {ɮ ʴɺiɮ SS SE * <xɨ Ex E ɨɪ {ɮ ʤVɱ ʨɱx Sʽ, Jn il {x ɨɪ {ɮ ʨɱx Sʽ + ɦ SV =Si EҨi {ɮ ʨɱx Sʽ* Vɤ 1995 =iiɮ |n E Jɨj l, Z < i E +ɺ E ʤVɱ + {x E ɨɺ E E ɽ E Ex Zɺ ʨɱ l* x = ɨɪ ɽں E l E Vɤ iE ɮEɮ =xE ɨɺ+ E xnx E ʱɪ nSɺ{ xɽ M + +vEʮ {ɮ Ji EɪǴɽ xɽ EM i Ex E ɨɺ+ E ɨvx xɽ Ei * Exp ɮEɮ Ex E ʤVɱ E ɨɺ E xnx Ex E ʱɪ V ɮEɮ E bɪɮEx Vx Sʽ E Ex E nx E E 2 P] ʤVɱ Vɰ ʨɱx Sʽ iE ɨɪ {ɮ +{x Ji E ʺS< E E* ɽ SɽM E Ex E ʱɪ E< ɨɪ i ʡE E nx Sʽ* Vɤ =iiɮ |n E Jɨj l i = ɨɪ Ex E ʤVɱ nx E ʱɪ ɨɪ ʡE E n l E <ix ɨɪ ʤVɱ M* Vɤ iE Exp <ɨ nJɱ xɽ nM, V ɮEɮ <ɨ nSɺ{ xɽ M* < i xxҪ Eʹ j V E ʤVɱ j i EE V ɮEɮ E ɽ bɪɮEx nɴɪ E Wx Ex E n P] ʤVɱ ʨɱx Sʽ ɮx ʤVɱ Vc ֪ =xE nںɮ Eɨ xɽ x{] Ei * ... (ɴvx).. +{ 8 P] E i i Uc, Ex E n P] ʤVɱ ʨɱ Vɪ, ɽ +SU M* i ɽ SɽM E Ex E 24 P] ʤVɱ ʨɱ* ɮ {] Eɱ EMW {ɮ xɽ Sɽi, ɽ i |E]E { Sɽi E Ex E 2-3 P] i ʤVɱ n* ɨZi E =ɺ Ex E Eɨ Sɱ Ei * n n P] Mڱɮ ʤVɱ n n Vɪ i `E M Ex i E ? BE Bʮ ʤVɱ i i nںɮ <E xɽ i * <ʱɪ i ɽ Sɽi E Ex E 24 P] ʤVɱ ʨɱ*

b. Pִƶ |ɺn ʺƽ (ɱ) : ɽ `E M EE <ɺ Ex E ɦ ʨɱM*

E֨ɮ ɪɴi : <E l l Ex E ʱɪ V E ɨɺ * < i ɽi * BE l n < {ɮ +{x ʴSɮ J l* ɽ Vɰ xɽ E Ex E V V ={ɱɤv Ei , ɽ =E Vɨx E +xEڱ EE E |n E Vɨx BE |Eɮ E i VɤE E nںɮ |n E Vɨx + |Eɮ E i *

V = ʽɤ ɮEɮ E + =xE ={ɱɤv Ex SʽB* Jɺ i Ex E ɮEɮ E + V @h nx E ɴɺl , ɽ Eɡ n{h ʤi + +V ɽ ʺli + M< E Ex ɮEɮ @h i B Pɤɮi EE ɽ @h x E ʱB Vi i Vix @h ɽ x Sɽi , x VB = 10000 E Wɰi i =ɨ 5000 {ɪ S V nɱ i , J Vi * 10000 {ɪ Ji {ɮ Mx , 5000 nɱ J MB i 5000 ɽ E EM* ɽ +{x Pɮ {ɮ M nM + EVnɮ x VBM* < iɮE Ex E V ɨɺB , xɪ Eʹ xi xE =xE ɨɺ+ E ɨvx Ex SʽB* < |Eɮ bWɱ E ɨɱ * V xɪ ɮEɮ E M`x x ɱ l, bWɱ E EҨi g n M<* Ex Vɤ bWɱ E EҨi g< V l + xxҪ j x E E n E +lE nEEi E vx Ji B bWɱ E EҨi E g i B ɨɪ V Eʹ j , =xE VM x SʽB E Vɤ bWɱ E EҨi gM i =E v |ɦɴ ={ɦEi+ {ɮ i {cM, Ex Ex {ɮ {cM* = ɨɪ Eʹ j E ɽi VM x E Wɰi * bVɱ E EҨi gx v |ɦɴ Ex {ɮ {c* + Ex E bWɱ ɽM x E Eɮh SV ɽM ʨɱ Ex Vɤ ɱ Ji iɮ E Vi i =E ʽɤ =E ɱ E ] =E xɽ ʨɱi * ɽ c nJ E i * BE iɮ Ex nJ i + nںɮ iɮ Ex E Ji V Wnڮ Eɨ Ei , VɺE Ji Wnڮ Ei , =xE nEEi i * Ex E +{x ɨɺB * =xE Vɤ +{x ɱ E ɮɤɮ EҨi xɽ ʨɱi i ʡ V =xE Ji Wnڮ M Wnڮ Ei , =xE ɽ ɮɤɮ Wnڮ xɽ n {i *

SEn E ɮ Z Ex * =iiɮ |n SEn xɪɨ i x + Ex =E ɮɤɮ <{Ҩ] xɽ E Vi* ɱ ɮ n ix ɽx SEn M<, E ɨɪ Eɨ +vڮ {c + * V =iiɮ |n E ɨɱ i ɽ {ɮ Mxx Eɡ {n i Ex V Sx ʨɱ , Vɤ Ex Mxx E iɮ EM, Sx ʨɱ E {ɺ Vi i =xE ɱ E =xE ɮɤɮ ] xɽ ʨɱi + <ix xɽ E ɽ +{x Mxx i n ni Ex =xE ɨɪ {ɮ { xɽ ʨɱi + =xE ɱ E ɮɤɮ ڱ xɽ ʨɱi VɺE Eɮh =iiɮ |n V Mxx E Ex , ɽ Eɡ nJ * Sx ʨɱ E ɱi Eɡ Jɮɤ + xiV ɽ E =iiɮ |n E ɮEɮ BE BE EE Sx ʨɱ E Si V * Vɤ BE BE EE Sx ʨɱ ʤEi VBM i V M Eɨ E , E VBM* BE iɮ ɽ WMɮ M + nںɮ V c {x {ɮ =iiɮ |n Mxx {n i , Ex = Mxx E E E VBM* <ʱB xxҪ j V xɴnx E =iiɮ |n E ɨɱ +{ nJɱ n + ɽ V Sx ʨɱ S V , = {ɮ +Eֶ Mɪ VB xɽ i Mxx =i{nE E ɽi nEEi M*

+i Vn ɨɪ x i B {x& Eʹ j V xɴnx E < ɨɪ Vɤ Eʹ xi x < i =ɨ Eɡ vɮ E Wɰi * =E iɮ +{ vx n + Ex E V Wɰ SV , V =xE ɨɺ+ E ɨvx Ex Vɰ ]{ +{E x ɽ * x i EU P] E i E Ex E ʤVɱ nx E* n +{ 24 P] ʤVɱ n n i Ex {ɮ ɽi c ={Eɮ M* <x ɡW E l +{x i ɨ{i Ei *

2000 hrs.

֮ ɨɮɴ Vvɴ ({ɮx) : ɦ{i ɽn, xɪɨ 193 E +vx +V Ex E ɨɺ+ {ɮ SS * Ex + Eʹ E +V E ʺli , ɽ ɮ ɨx + nx E ɨx BE ɽi c |ɶx Sɽx * +V 21 n E + V * +Vn ʺɱ EB B {Sɺ ɱ Mɪ * nxɪ ɮi ɤɺ c n * n ni + Oɨh <E Vniɮ Jɺ i Ex + EɶiEɮ i * ni x ɱ EɶiEɮ 70 80 |iɶi M * <x Ex E +V E ʺli * +V =xE ʺli ɨvxEɮE xɽ ,

2001 V (b. Iɨxɮɪh {hb {`ɺx B)

iɮ xɽ , ɽ nx E xx {cM* x E Eʹ xi +{x< E {U 50 ɱ Ex + EɶiEɮ MɮҤ MɮҤ i V * x E Eʹ xi +{x< E V U] Ex + EɶiEɮ nx-|inx MɮҤ i V * ɮ ni x ɱ U] Ex +{x ] E l {ұ xɽ E Ei * +{x Pɮ ɽ xɽ Ei * x {Sɺ ɱ Ex Eʹ xi +{x< VɺE Eɮh Ex E ɽ ɱi M< *

ɦ{i ɽn,ɮ n Eʹ |vx n * Ex ɮ n E Eʹ |vx Ex xɪ, ɮ n E Eʹ |vx Ex x xɪ* +xV E ɨɱ < nxɪ ɪ{h Mɪ* +xV E ɨɱ n E ɪ{h xx ɱ Ex E +V ɪ{h , ɽ |ɶxSɽx +V nx E ɨx * {U {Sɺ ɱ Eʹ xi x Ex E E n * Ex E ix Ei E ] xɽ n E * V E]x {n Ex ɱ Ex , E{ɺ E =i{nx Ex ɱ Ex , =E nx E E{c xɽ n E , x ʶI n E , x Ex n E , x +ɮM n E + x x-ɨx n E * ɽ Ex ɮ Eʹ xi * xxҪ Eʹ j V E Eʹ xi x {Sɺ ɱ iɮEE E , Ex nɴ E l Ei + ɽ BE Ec S< E < n E Ex xM + J Mɪ* x = ] n E, x E{c n E, x Ex n E, x ʶI n E + x +ɮM n E*

ɦ{i ɽn, +V Ex +iɽi E ɽ {ɮ Sɱ * E V ? ɽɮɹ], +xw|n + {Vɤ +n E< B |n xɽ Vɽ Ex +iɽi Ex {ɮ ʴɴɶ x * E ɽ ɮ Eʹ xi E * ɮ Eʹ j ʴɹ E Ex ɱ + <x +iɽi+ E Ex E ʱB E Ex ɱ , < ɮ +{x Vɴɤ iB* ɮ ɽɮɹ] E{ɺ E =i{nx ɽi Vn i * ʽxnֺix ɤɺ Vn E{ɺ ɽɮɹ] =i{ni i * ɽɮɹ] Mxx E =i{nx i * +Mڮ + {V E =i{nx ɽɮɹ] ɤɺ +vE i , Ex V E{ɺ E =i{nx Ex ɱ Ex +iɽi Ex {ɮ ʴɴɶ MB *

2006 hrs. (

={vI ɽn {`ɺx B)

ɮ Eʹ xi <x +iɽi+ E E Ex ɱ , < {ɮ ʴSɮ Ex M* Eʹ j ɽn E EU Zɴ nx Sɽi * Eʹ E =tM E nV nx E ɽi Vɰi * {ɮ E xɪɨ Eʹ {ɮ M Ex M* ɮ nn, {ɮni Ei l E "=iiɨ Ji, vɨ {ɮ, Exɹ` xE, Exɹ` SE" Ex ɽn +V ʺli ɽ M< E xE ɴiiɨ + vɨ {ɮ il xE] Ji M< * <ʱB n ɤɺ =iiɨ Ji Ex , i Ji E =tM E nV nx M* =tM{iɪ E V ʴvB ni , ɽ ʴvB Ex E nx M*

={vI ɽn : ֮ V, + +{ ɨ{i EʮB*

֮ ɨɮɴ Vvɴ : ={vI ɽn, + i x Zɴ nx {[AɮƦ EB * Ex E V ɤɺ c Vɰi ɽ +lE ɽɪi ʨɱx E * +lE ɽɪi =E ʱB ɤɺ c ɨɺ * =E Fb] ʨɱx SʽB + ɽ =Si + EɮMɮ fM ʨɱx SʽB* V ʺli +V , ɽ EɮMɮ xɽ * +l ɽɪi + EɮMɮ fM x Vɰ *

={vI ɽn, <Mx E gɴ nx E Vɰi * ʴti {< EɮMɮ fM Ex E Vɰi * x< iExE, +SU V, EE, ɺɪxE Jn =Si nɨ {ɮ nx M* ]V Eb ]V E ʴv Ex E Vɰi + ɤɺ Vn ɽi{h q Ex E |bEx Eɺ] E >{ɮ ɱ E EҨi ʨɱx SʽB* ɱ E ]ƺ{] Ex E ʴv ʨɱx SʽB + ʤb gx E Vɰi *

Vɤ Ex E b BEɪɮ E Vi i b BEVɶx E ɮ Ex E E] ڱ nx =Si M* xƴ {SɴɹǪ Vx Eʹ E ʱB V V] +ɤ]i E Mɪ , =E lc + gx E Vɰi * < iɮ Vɽ Jc ɽ {x E ɴɺl Ex M il Vɽ g ɽ = {ɮ xɪjh Ex E Vɰi * vɮ EɪF E gɴ nx M* Eʹ xi EE E ʽi x SʽB* Ji {ڮE V =tM Sɽ nMv ɴɺɪ , EE] {ɱx V U]-U] =tM , =xE gɴ nx M*

< iɮ V Eʹ E ʴt{` , =xE Vɤi Ex M* V ʮS ] , =xE ɮEɮ x xv nx n E n * Ex E =E gE nx E Vɰi * Jn E ɤʺb Ex E bɪɮE] ʨɱx SʽB* xME Ji E ʱB gɴ nx Vɰ * < iɮ xE SV E V {< E Vi Sɽ Jn V , =E Ex Vɰ * ɱ Ҩ E Vɰi * +Jɮ Ex E x-ɨx + =xE +iɤɱ E gx E Vɰi * Vɤ iE < n E Ex J xɽ M iɤ iE J xɽ Ei * ɽ i EE +{x i ɨ{i Ei *

MR. DEPUTY-SPEAKER: Hon. Members, the hon. Speaker has just mentioned to me that as there are a large number of speakers to participate in this debate, I should give not more than 10 minutes to each speaker. After 8 minutes of every speech, the caution bell will be rung. So, kindly stick to 10 minutes each.

SHRI A. KRISHNASWAMY (SRIPERUMBUDUR): Hon. Speaker, Sir, I am delivering my maiden speech. I am very much thankful and grateful to you, to the respected leader Dr. Kalaignar and the people of my Sriperumbudur constituency for giving me an opportunity to speak in this House.

Even though our country is based on agriculture, our farmers are not well off after fifty years of Independence. The main problem of our farmers is that they do not have a regular income. Most of the landless farmers are shifting from the villages to the towns because they do not get employment in the villages. They are migrating to the towns. Some of the farmers stay in the villages without any employment. The small farmers who are employed in the villages do not get sufficient wages from the landlords. So, they are not able to plan their family life properly. For this reason, nobody is interested in the agricultural profession and in this situation, the landlords face difficulties in finding agricultural workers. Due to lack of agricultural labourers in our country, cultivation is coming down. It is one of the reasons why productivity of food grains has decreased this year compared to the previous years.

The vagaries of nature continue to play havoc with the life of farmers; and, whenever crops have been bountiful due to shortage of storage and food processing facilities, they have faced a slump in agricultural prices. In terms of supply shortfalls, it is not they but the middlemen who have been active in making huge profits. To avoid profits being made by the middlemen, our respectable leader and Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu has introduced a new scheme called `Uzhavar Chandhai', a farmers' market scheme.

Through this scheme, the farmers can sell their produce directly, without the help of middlemen and obtain more profits. It is appreciated by all the farmers in Tamil Nadu. I request this Government to establish this scheme all over the country.

The hon. Member who spoke before me, Shri Kaliappan, said that when farmers sustain snake bites, the Central and the State Governments do not give any relief to them but in our State, our Tamil Nadu Government led by Dr. Kalaignar Karunanidhi gives Rs.15,000 when a farmer dies of snake bite.

Yet another problem faced by the farmer is the lack of adequate credit facility. The Government has to increase the credit facilities and extend easy way credit facilities at low percentages of interest. Credit card facilities should also be extended.

For higher productivity, a greater use of fertilizer is also important. Fertilizer consumption has gradually increased over the Eighth Plan period because of the subsidy provided by the Government and low prices.

As such, the Government has to take steps to eradicate the unemployment problem of the farmers and part-time employment opportunities should be introduced in villages.

The Government has to give security to their lives. Due to natural calamity, sometimes, they are facing heavy damages and losses to their crops. To compensate them for their losses, the crop insurance scheme should be established properly.

I feel that irrigation facilities should be increased. The Ganga-Cauvery rivers linking scheme will be a permanent solution to the problems of the farmers. In Tamil Nadu, the State Government desilted all the rivers and lakes during the years 1996-97 and 1997-98, to help farmers. In Tamil Nadu, we supply free electricity to farmers and this is in existence now to help irrigation.

Lastly, farmers in most of the areas look dull and aimless with mental agony due to unemployment and lack of income. To encourage them and to bring them to happy mood, the Government should implement a scheme in villages, to open recreation centres and other facilities which are available in towns. This will bring happiness to them. If this is done, the farmers will not migrate to the towns and they will concentrate on agriculture.

I only expect that this Government will successfully solve the problems of the farmers and wipe out their tears. Thank you.

(ends)

MR. DEPUTY-SPEAKER: Shri P.C. Thomas Not present

Shri Anil Basu Not present


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