03.12.92 *t01



====================================================================== LOK SABHA


Thursday, December 3, 1992/Agrahayana 12, 1914(Saka)


The Lok Sabha met at Eleven of the Clock

[MR. SPEAKER in the Chair]



Exploration of Oil and Natural Gas

141. SHRI RAM BADAN: Will the Minister of PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS be pleased to state:

(a) whether the Union Government have approved any scheme for exploration and drilling of oil and natural gas in Bihar during the Eighth Plan:

(b) if so, the details thereof; and

(c) the funds earmarked therefor?





(b) In the Eighth Plan ONGC is drilling a deep well at Kadmaha in West Champaran district of Bihar and has planned 1230 SLK of seismic surveys. Besides, Oil India Ltd. has planned 1225 SLK of seismic surveys in Bihar. Any further exploratory drilling would depend on the results of surveys. In addition, 2 locks fully and one partially have been offered in the Fourth Round of bidding for exploration by private companies.

(c) About Rs. 16 crores for seismic surveys, besides the cost of drilling the well at Kadmaha.


SHRI RAM BADAN: Hon'ble Mr. Speaker, Sir, through you, I would like to know from the hon'ble minister, the names of the multi- national Companies involved in this venture?


SHRI S. KRISHAN KUMAR: Sir, the details of the five wells drilled are: Raxaul in Champaran District, Purnea I in Purnea District, Gandak I in Bettaih District, Madhubani I in Madhubani District and Ganauli I in Betrtaih District. As I said earlier, another well is to be dug at Kadmaha.

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SHRI RAM BADAN: Hon. Mr. Speaker, Sir, my second supplementary is about the role envisaged for the local work force in Bihar and the benefits that would accrue to the local populace, out of this project?


THE MINISTER OF PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS (SHRI B. SHANKARANAND): The hon. Member has asked as to what benefits can be given to the local people of Bihar. We have been taking extensive exploration activities in Bihar. May I tell the House that we have sought permission for PEL, that is Petroleum Exploration Licence, which is to be given by the Bihar Government and the Government has not given us the licence in a large number of areas. So, where is the question of giving benefit to the people of Bihar?

DR. KRUPASINDHU BHOI: Mr. Speaker, Sir, through you I would like to know from the Minister what is the total area that has been delineated, particularly in the Bihar State, as the zone of Hydrocarbon. The Minister has just now told the House that the Bihar Government has not given him the permission for PEL. I would like to know how will he pursue the matter and also what are the details of the seismic surveys conducted by OIC and ONGC in this area. I would also like to know what is the total quantum of reserves of Hydrocarbon, IE and Oil & gas in that particular area.

SHRI S. KRISHAN KUMAR: The State of Bihar falls within the Ganga Valley basin which is a Grade-11 sedimentary basin for oil exploration.

A total of 17597 stations have been covered by geomagnetic survey. We have, as on date, conducted 4035 square kilometres of survey in the State of Bihar; and in

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addition, 6800 line km. of seismic data have been acquired. As already stated by me, five wells have been drilled. There was no hydrocarbon indication noticed in any of these wells. The exploratory well at Kadmaha is to be drilled during the Eighth Plan. (Interruptions) [Translation]

SHRI SURYA NARAYAN YADAV: It is abundantly clear from the reply given by the hon. Minister that the State of Bihar is rich in petroleum and natural gas and it has become clear from the survey conducted by the Union Government that there is very rich reserve of petroleum and natural gas in Purnea, Katihar, Saharsa, Madhubani and Darbhanga districts of Bihar. Therefore, through you, I would like to know from the hon. Minister whether the Government will immediately commence the work of drilling, after obtaining feasibility report from the experts? Alongwith this, I have come to know that the office of the Petroleum Division in Patna is being shifted. I would like to know whether the Government has any plan in this regard?


SHRI KRISHAN KUMAR: As I have said, the exploratory areas in the State of Bihar are in the Ganga Valley Basin, which is a category two basin; category 11 basin is defined as a basin with known occurrence of hydrocarbon, but from which no commercial production has yet been established. Therefore, there is known-existence of hydrocarbon in this basin. But commercial possibility has not been established that is our endeavour. That is why we have dug five wells;no hydrocarbons have been found. The exploration is going on. About Rs. 20 crore worth of activities will be implemented during the Eight Plan. And this is an on-going process.


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abundant availability of hydrocarbon in South Bihar of Bihar State.

So, there is a possibility of finding out gas and petroleum there. Has any proper survey been conducted by ONGC or not? What is the possibility and what is the time-bound programme by which this survey will be conducted by ONGC? If any petroleum is found, will it be sufficient to supplement the entire need of that State or not?

SHRI KRISHAN KUMAR: Petroleum is a national resource. The

availability of petroleum varies from State to State depending on the prospectively of an individual basin. These things are not decided nor are. The supply and demand has not been decided State-wise. As I said, West Bihar falls in the Ganga Valley Basin which has occurrence of hydrocarbon, but commercial possibility is yet to be established. We are continuing the exploration. We shall give due priority to exploration in the State of Bihar. In additional to the normal programme during the Eighth Plan, we have given four blocks from Bihar for participation in bidding by national and international oil companies; but the biddings have not been so far successful.

National Watershed Development Programe for Rainfed Agriculture 142. SHRI SRIKANTA JENA: SHRI CHANDRAJEET YADAV:

Wil the Minister of AGRICULTURE be pleased to state:

(a) when was the National Watershed Development Programme for Rainfed Agriculture (NWDPRA) Launched;

(b) the main objectived of the programme;

(c) the funds allocated to each State under this programme during the last three years;

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(d) whether the Government have reviewed implementation of the programme; and

(e) if so, the outcome thereof?



(a) The National Watershed Development Programme for Rainfed Agriculture was launched in 1986-87. In 1990-91 the programme was restructured and the National Watershed Development Project for Rainfed Areas was launched.

(b) Annexure I is enclosed.

(c)Annexure 11 is enclosed.

(d)and (e). The project implementation is being reviewed regularly. As a result the pace of Implementation has improved.


1. Objectives of the National WAtershed Development Programme for Rainfed Agriculture during VII Plan

(i) To conserve and upgrade crop lands and waste lands on watershed basis.

(ii) To develop and demonstrate location specific technologies for the proper soil and moisture conservation measures and crop production stabilisation measures required under different agro- climatic conditions.

(iii) To augment the fodder, fruit and

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fuel resources of the village communities by use of appropriate alternate land use systems.

The Programme covered 99 districts in 16 States in areas where average annual rainfall is more than 750 mm. Funds under this programme were provided for treatment of arable land only. For nonarable land of the identified watersheds, funds were to come from other State and Central Schemes such as RLEGP, NREP, DPAP, DDP, etc.

2. In the VIIIth Plan National Watershed Development Project for Rainfed Areas (NWDPRA) endeavoured to achieve the twin objectives of sustainable production of bio-mass and restoration of ecological balance in the vast tracts of rainfed areas in the counry specifically focussing on:-

(i) Conservation, upgradation and utilisation of natural endowments like land, water, plant, anial and human resources in a harmonious and integrated manner. This will aim at perpetual availability of food, fooder, fuel, fibre, timber and bio-mass for rural and cottage industries to met the growing demands of human and livestock population through diversified land use.

(ii) Generation of masive employment during the project period and regular employment after the project completion for

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enhancing the employment opportunities in the backward rainfed areas to ensure livelihoold security particularly for underprivileged sections of the rural population like small and marginal farmers, landless labourers, tribals, etc.

(iii) Improvement of production environment and restoration of ecological balancethrough scientific management of land and rainwater.

In the eprocess, laties moisture conservation, introduction of scientific production systems, network of runoff management structures and devices of recharge of ground water will ensure enhance availability of water for human and livestock drinking purposes, domestic consumption, life saving irrigation and raising of appropriate cash crops according to agroclimatic potentials.

(iv) Reduction of inequalities between irrigated and rainfed areas. Ultimately, stable production and processing of bio-mass would contribute towards better life in rural areas. This will reduce largescale migration from rural areas to the cities.

(v) In addition to food, fuel and fodder the project would endeavour to enhance cash flow to the

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rainfed farmers and landless agricultural labourers through increased casual employment, marketable surplus of agricultural and dairy produce, growing of cash crops like vegetables, coriander, cumin, medicinal plants,

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etc. in a suitable areas.

All the three spatial components of watershed namely, arable land, non-arable land and drainage lines will be treated as one organic geo-hydrological entity for project planning and implementation to ensure sustainable use of natural resources.

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(Rs. in lakhs) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Sl. Name of the State Funds released Funds released Fund allocated during 1990-91 during 1991-92 during 1992-93 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. Andhra Pradesh 565.007 1120.00 1138.00 2. Arunachal Pradesh 8.000 18.00 18.00 3. Assam 171.387 350.00 350.00 4. Bihar 392.575 780.00 776.00 5. Goa 8.200 17.00 18.00 6. Gujarat 592.737 1180.00 1180.00 7. Haryana 115.659 240.00 240.00 8. Himachal Pradesh 39.530 80.00 80.00 9. Jammu & Kashmir 34.112 60.00 60.00 10. Karnataka 897.575 1420.00 1420.00 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 13-14 Oral Answers Oral Answers

---------------------------------------------------------------------- Sl. Name of the State Funds released Funds released Fund allocated No. during 1990-91 during 1991-92 during 1992-93 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 11. Kerala 153.900 300.00 300.00 12. Madhya Pradesh 1260.160 2600.00 2600.00 13. Maharashtra 1253.425 2590.00 2590.00 14. Manipur 5.900 15.00 20.00 15. Meghalaya 10.550 25.00 25.00 16. Mizoram 4.900 10.00 10.00 17. Nagaland 9.900 25.00 25.00 18. Orissa 380.525 775.00 780.00 19. Punjab 45.650 95.00 100.00 20. Rajasthan 924.970 1940.00 1952.00 21. Sikkim 4.950 25.96 40.00 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 15-16 Oral Answers Oral Answers

---------------------------------------------------------------------- Sl. Name of the State Funds released Funds released Funds allocated No. during 1990-91 during 1991-92 during 1992-93 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 2 3 4 5 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 22. Tamil Nadu 254.660 508.11 520.00 23. Tripura 17.800 35.00 35.00 24. Uttar Pradesh 597.040 1150.00 1160.00 25. West Bengal 273.731 540.00 560.00 26. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1.350 0.465 0.50 27. Daman & Diu 1.350 0.465 0.50 28. Lakshadweep 0.50 29. Andaman and Nicobar 0.50 Islands

---------------------------------------------- Total: 8025.543 15900.00 16000.00

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SHRI SRIKANTA JENA: The question is about the Watershed

Development Programme. The Minister has given its objective and the objective is no doubt modest. But the main question was whether any monitoring has been conducted by the Government of India.

The objective as given in the answer is regarding reduction of inequalities between irrigated areas and nonirrigated areas. The project was started from 1986-87 and again it was restructured in 1990-91. My main question was whether any monitoring or any survey has been conducted by the Government of India and whether the main objective has been fulfilled or not? Whether the gap has been bridged between irrigated areas and non-irrigated areas? That was my main question and that has not been answered. May I know from the hon.

Minister, as to what exactly the Governemnt of India has done in this direction?

THE MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE (SHRI BALRAM JAKHAR): Mr. Speaker, Sir, this is an on going process and we have to take in view all the other factors also. Our efforts is to create a congenial atmosphere for the farmer and to get something which is very much needed for the development of agriculture. Water is the most essential part of it and to concerve water we have to have this Watershed Programme.

Naturally, we have to monitor it, provide it and it is an on going process. It cannot be done in one or two years. It is a continuer process. We have allocated funds, we are giving the highest priority to it and we will realise it. We have given the statement alongwith the answer that each State has been given that money. We are trying to find out. This is a very huge task.

69.9per cent land is rained and naturally you cannot take all of it because the resources are not available with us for them.

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So we have to see that step by step we must provide that goal and bridge that gap.

SHRI SRIKANTA JENA: The Statement of the Minister is general in nature. I wanted to know, whether during the last ten years, any evaluation has been conducted and the direction which has been given in the objective itself, whether you have achieved any tangible results in that direction.

My second supplementary and the main point is, as the Minister says, he is going to give maximum emphasis to this programme because the total non-irrigated area is more than 70 percent. Officially, he says, 30 per cent has been irrigated but it is not exactly 30 percent, more than 70 percent area is nonirrigated.

So you want to bridge the gap between the non-irrigated and irrigated area through this Programme only and the priority has been given. How much money have you given for that? You have given Rs. 159 crores during the last year. This year it is Rs. 160 crores. You say that you are giving priority to it but when it come to allocation you are practically recurring the funds and that too to States like Orissa where the irrigated areas is hardly 15 percent and non-irrigated area is more than 85 per cent.

In view of that, are you giving priority to those States where the non-irrigated areas are more? Are you going to conduct any specific micro level monitoring or not?

SHRI BALRAM JAKHAR: Naturally you have to undertake a survey and you have to know what the results are. That is how you progress. For another five years you make a plan. Here we have shown about 28 lakh hectares of land which has to be covered under that programme. For that we are going to utilise Rs. 1,090 crores. I know the amount is not upto that mark but as the available resources are there we have to take out of

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that only. So, naturally we have tried. From last year we have progressed and again we are trying to do it. Not only this; I think the Rural Development Department has also the same type of a programme which will be augmenting the supplies.