21.04.93 *t02


Sanskrit as a Computer Language


683. DR. A.K. PATKL: Will the PRIME MINISTER be pleased to state:

(a) the broad details of the studies conducted and approach papers prepared regarding use of Sanskrit in computers in view of claims of computer scientists in America since 1985 that Sanskrit is a rule governed language for computer processing; and

(b) the progress made in this regard and the

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funds allocated for the purpose during the last three years?

THE MINISTER OF STATE IN THE PRIME MINISTER OFFICE (SHRI BHUVNESH CHATURVEDI):(a)and(b). an exploratory study in the area of Sanskrit for Natural Language Processing, specifically of computational rendering of Paninian grammar and machine Translation was initiated in 1989 at the Centre for Development of Advanced computing (C-DAC), Pune, an autonomous society under the Department of Electronics. This study concentrates on the systematic (rule based) generation of Sanskrit words and sentences, beginning with the roots and analysis/recognition of sentences/finished words. In order to conduct language Processing activities with excellence and competence, the Department of Electronics have brought together the language Institutions & Organisations with the expertise in Computer through the "Technology Development for Indian Languages" (TDIL) Programme.

Sanskrit has also been included in this programme and different projects have been identified relating to information processing in Sanskrit. These include:

i) Development of corpora of text of Sanskrit and exploring information processing structures in Sanskrit Shastras. These projects are being carried out by Sampurnanand Sanskrit University, Varanasi.

ii) Utilisation of Sanskrit in computer based semantic Processing (Kriya Research). This project is being carried out by Academy of Sanskrit Research (ASR) Melkote, Karnataka.

iii) Computer assisted learning and teaching programme for B. Ed and M. Ed. students and software development for Computer Assisted Sanskrit Teaching/ learning at Lal Bahadur Shastri Rastriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, New Delhi. Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi is also

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supporting then in terms of software development.

iv) Preparation of curriculum guidelines and course material for introduction of Sanskrit Vyakarana. Nyaya, Meemansa and Nirukta to linguists and computer scientists at Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidhyapeeth, New Delhi, Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, Tirupati Gurukal kangari University, Haridwar.

The progress made so far under these projects consists of the following:-

i) Development of corpora of text of Sanskrit containing test entry of more than 8 lakhs untagged norms have been completed.

ii) Software packages relating to various topics in Paninian grammar, for generating Shabda Roop and Dhatu Roop have been developed,

iii) A Parser of analysing Sanskrit sentences with respect to parts of speech has been developed

iv) Computer Aided Learning and Teaching has been included is a subject for B. Ed students at Shri Lal Bahadur Sahstri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth. New Delhi.

An amount or Rs. 58.12 lakhs has been released to the projects related to Sanskrit during the last three years.

Writing and Printing Papers

686. SHRI K. PRADHANI: Will the PRIME MINISTER be pleased to state:

(a) the projects demand of writing and printing papers in the country by the 2000 A.D.

(b) the total cost of all kinds of papers imported during 1991-92 and 1992-93:

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(c) the annual production of various types of papers in the country;

(d) the installed and actual production the country; and (e)the steps taken to increase the domestic production of an types of paper?

THE MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY (DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AND DEPARTMENT OF HEAVY INDUSTRY) (SHRIMATI KRISHNA SAHI):(a) The projected demand of paper and paper board in the country by the year 200 AD is estimated at about 28.35 lakh tonnes.

(b)Import of Paper board and manufactures during the two years is as under:-

---------------------------------------------------------------------- Year Value (Rs. crores)

---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1991-92 145.00

1992-93 128.34

April 1992- Dec. 1992)

---------------------------------------------------------------------- (c) The production of paper and paper board during 1992 is estimated to be about 21.00 lakh tonnes.

(d) The total installed capacity of 340 units in the country is 35.00 lakh MT. At present 77 paper units with an installed capacity of about 6.45 lakh tonnes are not reporting production.

(e) The paper and paper board industry is meeting the entire domestic demand for common varieties of paper and paper board. The Government have, however, taken following steps to encourage production of paper and paper board in the country.

i) Paper units based on use of minimum 75% pulp derived from bagasse, agricultural

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residues and other non-conventional raw materials have been exempted from industrial licensing subject to locational angle.

ii) Manufacture of writing and printing paper and uncoated craft paper containing not less than 75% by weight of pulp made from rice and wheat straw, jute, mesta or bagasse or mixture thereof or mixture of two or more of the pulps of the aforementioned materials is exempted from excise duty.

iii) Import of waste paper and wood pulp is freely allowed without the need for an Import License at a low rate of customs duty (20% and 10% respectively).

(iv) Paper Mills agro-residues and other non- conventional raw materials atleast upto 50% are charged excise duty at concessional rates.

Integrated Rural Energy Programme

687. SHRI N.J. RATHVA; Will the Minister of PLANNING AND PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION be pleased to state:

(a) whether the Government have implemented/introduced integrated Rural Energy Programme in Gujarat during the Eighth Five Year Plan;

(b) if so, the details thereof:

(c) whether the Government propose to implement this Programme on priority basis in the tribal and backward areas:

(d) if so, the details thereof: and

(e) if not, the reasons therefor?


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(b) to (d). Gujarat was one of the eight selected States in the Country where a pilot programme for integrated Rural Energy Planning was taken up in the Sixth Five Year Plan period (1981-84) itself.

This pilot programme became a regular plan programme in the Seventh Plan covering all the States and was continued in Gujarat also in the Seventh Plan period. The Integrated rural Energy Programme is being continued and expanded in the Eighth Plan. A provision of Rs. 350 lakhs have been made for this programme in the State Plan outlay of Gujarat for the Eighth Plan. 19 blocks have been concerned, so far, under this programme in Gujarat. Out of these blocks covered, 7 blocks are in the tribal and backward areas. It is proposed to take up more IREP blocks in the tribal and backward areas in Eighth Plan.

In these, and also other IREP blocks, the minimum needs for domestic energy for the rural house holds below poverty line are proposed to be met, besides the promotion of appropriate devices for meeting other energy needs for subsistence and development.

(e) Question does not arise.


Industries by Foreign Investors in U.P.

688. DR. MAHADEEPAK SINGH SHAKYA; Will the PRIME MINISTER be pleased to state:

(a) the details of the proposals received from foreign investors for setting up of industries at various places in Uttar Pradesh during 1992-93; and

(b) the time by which these proposals are likely to be implemented?


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determine the terms and conditions of collaboration. Foreign investment approvals do not usually indicate location of the industries and, consequently, such data are not centrally maintained.

(b) The implementation of a project depends on its gestation period which varies from project to project.

Allotment of Wasteland

689. SHRIMATI SURYAKANTA PATIL: Will the PRIME MINISTER be pleased to state:

(a) the total area of Government and private wasteland identified by the National Wasteland Development Board and the total area of land acquired and developed so far, separately;

(b) whether there is any proposal to give the acquired wasteland on long-term basis to the landless farmers, agricultural labourers and cooperative societies for agricultural work, plantation, pasture and horticulture;

(c) if so, the details thereof; and

(d) if not, the reasons therefor?

THE MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT (DEPARTMENT OF WASTELANDS DEVELOPMENT) (COL. RAM SINGH): (a) No detailed survey for identification of wastelands has yet been conducted but according to one estimate, the total extent of wastelands in the country is 129.574 million hectares, out of which 93.685 million hectares non-forest wastelands including private wastelands. The National Wastelands Development Board does not acquire any wasteland for the purpose of its development. However, afforestation/tree planting activity over an area of 10.64 million hectares of public land and 268.98 crores of seedlings distribution for planting on private lands have been achieved upto 1991-92 under various schemes of the Central and State Governments.

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(b), (c) & (d). The National Wastelands Development Board has no proposal to acquire land in order to give it on long term basis to the landless farmers, agriculture labourers and cooperative societies.

The Board promotes development of wastelands in non forest are as without acquiring them.


Drinking Water Problem in Orissa

690. DR. KRUPASINDHU BHOI: Will the PRIME MINISTER be pleased to state:

(a) whether the Government of Orissa has requested for Central assistance to tackle the drinking water problem in the drought affected area of this State;

(b) if so, the details thereof; and

(c) the action taken there on alongwith the funds allocated by the Union Government for this purpose?


PATEL):(a)to(c).The Government of Orissa has sent a request on 4,March,1993 for special Central assistance of Rs.10 crores under the Accelerated rural Water Supply Programme to fight drought conditions.

The letter of the State Government mentions that drought has set in the districts of Malkangiri, Nowrangpur, Koraput, Rayagada, Gujapati, Kalahandi, Bolangir and Mayurbhanj.The letter also mentions that in the coastal belt, because of dry conditions and consequent saline intrusion into tube-wells and sanitary wells, the case of diarrohea and other gastarointestinal diseases have been reported specially in the 24 blocks in the coastal districts of Cutack, Puri and pars of Balasore. The assistance sought is for relief in the shape of sinking of deeper tube wells, rejuvenation of existing tube wells. deepening of sanitary wells,

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sinking of new sanitary wells, construction of water harvesting structures etc.

Government of India provide central assistance under ARWSP for supply of drinking water facilities in villages not having adequate sources of water supply including those affected by drought. Under the ARWSP, Rs. 18.77 crores of central assistance has been released to Orissa in 1992-93 and Ps. 5.57 crores in 1993-94, so far.

Light Transport Aircraft



Will the PRIME MINISTER be pleased to state:

(a) the progress made in the development of Light Transport Aircraft so far;

(b) whether this project has been facing financial crisis; (c) it so, the details thereof;

(d) whether a Russian Company has offered to buy the complete project;

(e) if so, the terms and conditions thereof: and

(f) the reaction of the Government thereto?

THE MINISTER OF STATE IN THE PRIME MINISTER'S OFFICE (SHRI BHUVNESH CHATURVEDI): (a) Since the initiation of the Project in 1989, the National Aeronautical laboratory, Bangalore( now known as National Aerospace Laboratories) has completed a detailed feasibility study and is about to complete the full Project definition stage. A market survey for the proposed LTA has been made. Three wind tunnel campaigns have also been completed and the configuration of the aircraft is under finalisation. Negotiations and discussions with potential Indian Private

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and public sector industries are currently on for collaboration for the design, development and fabrication of the prototype of the aircraft and its subsequent production.

(b) and (c). Initially, there were some difficulties in meeting the entire cost of the project estimated at Rs.80 crores due to financial constraints. However, with the identification of sources for the funding of the project, it may be possible to fund the project.

(d) No, Sir, no such offer has yet been made.

(e) and (f). Do not arise.


Manpower in Public Sector Undertakings

692. SHRI RAM TAHAL CHOUDHARY: Will the PRIME MINISTER be pleased to state:

(a) the efforts made by the Government to rationalise the manpower in various public sector undertakings; and

(b)the extent to which the manpower has been rationalised in these public sector undertakings during the last three years?

THE MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY (DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AND DEPARTMENT OF HEAVY INDUSTRY (SHRIMATI KRISHNA SAHI): (a) and (b). The Boards of Directors of Public Enterprises are empowered under their Articles of Associations to appoint and remove officers and staff according to their requirements.

Hence the responsibility for rationalisation of manpower lies with the board of Directors. The details of the major steps taken in this regard by public enterprises are given in the statement laid on the Table of the House.

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Details of major steps taken for rationalisation for manpower by the public sector enterprises:

(i) Registration of sick industrial PSEs with the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction for formulation of revival/ rehabilitation schemes.

(ii) Evolving similar rehabilitation/revival schemes for non- industrial sick PSEs by the concerned Ministries/Deptts.

(iii) Introduction of voluntary retirement scheme with a view to reduce surplus manpower.

It is too early to estimate the impact of the above measures on rationalisation of manpower. However, the total number of employees in the public enterprises during the last three years for which data are available, is given below:

---------------------------------------------------------------------- Year ending No. of employees (in lakhs) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 31.3.1990 22.36

31.3.1991 22.19

31.3.1992 21.84

--------------------------------------------------------------------- Cryogenic Engines


(a) whether the prices of the latest cryogenic engines manufactured in Russia are likely to increase due to full convertibility of Rupee:

(b) if so, the extent thereof:

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(c) whether the payment of these engines was agreed upon in Indian currency:

(d) whether payment has been made for these engines; and (e) if so, the time by which these engines are likely to be manufactured?


(b) Does not arise.

(c) Yes, Sir.

(d) Part of the payments have been as per the milestones agreed upon in the Agreement with the Russian agency.

(e) The Cryogenic Stages are to be delivered to Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1995-96.


Software Service Support and Education Centre

694. SHRI ANNA JOSHI : Will the PRIME MINISTER be pleased to state:

(a) whether the European Community and India have agreed to set up a Software Service Support and Education Centre to provide thrust to software export to EC Countries;

(b) it so, the details thereof:

(c) whether any decision has been taken about the location of this Centre; and

(d) if so, the details thereof ?

THE MINISTER OF STATE IN THE PRIME MINISTER'S OFFICE (SHRI BHUVNESH CHATURVEDI):(a)to(d).Yes, Sir, it has been declared to set up the Software

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Service Support and Education Centre at Bangalore. The objectives of the Centre are to improve the level of sophistication and the aware- ness of the strategic importance of Information Technology in India and to enable the Indian software industry to become familiar with the European software engineering tools, standards and methodologies.