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SHRI RANEN BARMAN (BALIRGHAT) : Hon. Deputy-Speaker, Sir, I shall speak in Bengali. On behalf of our party RSP, I stand here to speak on the Demands for Grants pertaining to the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Sir, we know that no nation can progress without education. Education is the basis for development of any nation. The vital growth of the country solely depends on advancement of education. But it is a matter of regret that even after 50 years of independence we have not been able to provide education to all. Moreover, I am sorry to state that although we are citizens of a free country, our educational set up nsuffers from discrimination. Discrimination can be seen between rural and urban educational system, male and female education, the education of rich and the poor. About 85% of our population stay in villages. They spend their lives in utter poverty and hardship. Most of them live below poverty line. there is a vast gap between the rural and urban sector. I would like to draw the attention of Hon. Minister to pay adequate importance towards the educational needs of rural population. Mere lip service will not suffice. It is our misfortune that even in an independent country like ours only the privileged lot is getting all kinds of facilities to pursue their education. What about others? A large number of population residing in villages has not been provided with any substantial facility for education. So the rate of illiteracy is increasing day by day. After independence our leaders promised education and health for all. Their pledge was to reach the target of universalisation of elementary education by 1960 but that pledge has remained on paper only. It is my humble submission that budgetary allocation for education must be enhanced and people from the rural area must get opportunity for pursuing education. Hon. Deputy-Speaker, Sir, discrimination is also prevailing between the education for male and female. Sir, we know education provides proper livelihood for males. For females ____________________________________________________________________________

* Translation of the speech originally delivered in Bengali.

education means advancement of the next generation because women play the important role of bringing up the children. An educated mother will be an asset for the over all development of the child. The vital growth and development of the children are the backbone for the development of the nation. I am sorry to say that we have failed in our plan for the advancement of female education. We must give importance to the fact that adequate measures must be adopted for female education.

I would like to highlight another point. the schools in the villages do not function smoothly due to lack of supervision and proper guidance. As mentioned by the previous speakers, many teachers are more interested in private tuitions and running tutorials. Such people cannot do justice to their work. Proper guidance and supervision are the need of the hour. Only when the teachers discharge their duties properly they can do justice to the students. Proper guidance alone can help them to get the better of the education. Keeping in view these factors I request the Hon. Minister to get the budgetary allocation for education increased so that proper justice can be meted out to each sectionof the society. With these words, I thank you for giving me an opportunity to participate in this important discussion.

SHRIMATI HEDWIG MICHAEL REGO (NOMINATED ANGLO-INDIAN): Mr. Deputy Speaker, Sir, I thank you for giving me this opportunity to address this august House. While I support the Motion on the Demand for Grants, I wish to draw the attention of the Government to the plight of the Anglo-Indian community regarding education and employment.

Under Article 338 of our Constitution, a National Commission was to be formed to protect and safeguard the rights of the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, the backward classes and also the Anglo-Indian community. Unfortunately for us, while the other communities retain their reservation, the withdrawal has led to a steady slipping away into educational, economic and social degeneration in the last 25 years. Twenty five years ago, we had distinguished ourselves in all Services as we are a Service-oriented community. We excel in Defence Services, medical services, education, Central Services -- the railway, telegraph, nursing, teaching and secretarial work. We were second to none and we happened to be the community who produced the first person norman Prichard and who brought home to our country, the first two Olympic silver medals way back in 1900 for the 200 metre hurdle.

Today we are a struggling community. We are basically an urban community numbering not more than 1,25,000 in the entire country and a population of over 950 million people. We are struggling to survive, and to retain our culture, our language and our discipline which has touched all communities in this country. While large numbers are found in urban areas, we have 9 States where you can find us very prominently situated and in these States, we have Constitutional representation for Members in the SC Assemblies. As a representative of this community in this august House, I wish to draw the attention of the Government

to three main problems that we face today. Those are closely connected and I will mention them very briefly, education, employment and housing. In education, Karnataka is the only State which has given the community educational concessions. Our community in Karnataka get their fees reimbursed later up to the college level, the graduation level. We are also given the reserved seats, in medicine, engineering, polytechnic and nursing. Since education is a Concurrent subject, I request our Government to prevail upon all the other States to introduce similar concessions to our community. I ask for free and compulsory education for all Anglo-Indians up to the High School. I wish to draw the attention of the Government to private schools working under the Anglo-Indian code where the teachers are being exploited and very few Anglo-Indian children attend these schools. The TRAINER the teacher, is neglected and the TRAINEES show remarkable progress, the students. The teachers administer the minds and hearts of students. Through very critical years, they instil values in them. Teachers must be treated as a part of management and they must be on a par with Junior Administrative Officers. They must get a decent living wage with all the allowances and benefits an Officer gets with regard to basic salary, current DA, housing, medical and pension facilities. I ask the Central Government to match grants given by the States equally in the field of education. Being basically an urban community, we are slowly being pushed out of the periphery of the cities and we are landing up at the borders due to economic pressure.

The students find it difficult to attend schools. Hence, we have many drop-outs. Therefore, I call upon this Government, Sir, to help us with housing programmes for the needy and the homeless with assistance to purchase houses over a period of time to help us live in regular homes with dignity. In all the State Housing Schemes, I ask for a small allotment to the community on a regular basis.

About employment, here again I call upon the Government to arrange special educational programmes to attract talent into the Armed Forces which was once our bastion where we proved our devotion to duty and allegiance to this country where many of our boys laid down their lives. I ask for resumption of seats in the Defence and Central Services, Medical Services, in the Teachers' Training Colleges, in Polytechnics. I only ask for a few seats since we are indeed of a microscopic community.

I would also like to draw the attention of the Government to a very important problem - that of the MPLADS. Of the 545 Members of this August House, 543 of the hon. Members can identify their constituencies. But, for the two of us, who are the nominated-Members, the entire India is our constituency. We have to attend to the needs of the 1,25,000 people. How do we identify our weak spots and implement these schemes?

I again call upon this benign Government to give us land in these urban areas where we have large pockets of the community so that the funds could be used to set up primary, middle and high schools for the students to appear for the State Board Examination, to construct old-age homes, medical centres, youth centres, hostels, sports centres and welfare centres where we can organise midday meals for our children. We can also arrange community activities and cultural programmes.

As of now, under the MPLADS, we cannot buy land. So, our work is held up and the community suffers. May I take just a few minutes? As I talk of the community, my heart goes out to the underprivileged of the Christian Community to which we belong. When I talk of them, I mean the Dalit Christians. While the Scheduled Caste people, the Scheduled Tribe people and the Backward Classes still maintain reservation, these people, who have converted, only share the religious equality and nothing else. By virtue of the stigma of their birth, they are unable to come out of their castes and they suffer from real social indignities as they are social outcasts. I, therefore, once again call for social justice for all these deprived classes so that they are no longer exploited and they too can taste the fruits of this great country and they can live in dignity.

With these words, I conclude.

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